"Do you respect my grandfather?"
Translation:Czy wy szanujecie mojego dziadka?
It is not , it is accusative , you always use accusative after "szanować". Dziadek is masculine animated so Accusative=Genitive
How do I know when to use the genitive case? I understand it has something to do with possession, but wouldn't moj be just as possessive as mojego?
First at all - there is no genitive in this sentence.
Genitive in Polish is used:
- with negation instead of accusative
- after certain verbs
- after certain prepositions
- to indicate possession
- in some other rare situations
Masculine "animated" nouns in singular, and masculine personal nouns in plural have accusative=genitive.
my house= Nom. mój dom (masc. not animated)= Acc. mój dom-- Gen. mojego domu
my grandpa = Nom. mój dziadek (masc. animated)-- Acc. mojego dziadka=Gen mojego dziadka
Yeah, I'm completely confused. Hovering over mojego says (sg. masc. Gen.) What does this mean if not genitive?
It does mean Genitive, and Genitive is one of the two cases which have a form 'mojego', but there's no way (at least for now) to make Duolingo show only hover tips that relate to a specific sentence. "Dom mojego dziadka" = "My grandfather's house" is indeed Genitive, but here it's Accusative, like immery has said before.
Moral of the story: don't trust hover tips that much, they show possible translations which are dependent on a context, and not only it's possible that some of these won't have a usage in a given sentence, but sometimes even none of them may be useful because it shows maximum 3.
Would "Czy wy szanujecie moją dziadka" be correct ? In the case where the person saying that would be a woman ?
"dziadek" is "grandfather", not "grandparent". And it is him who decides the form, not who is saying the sentence.