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https://www.duolingo.com/Olga451165

"Be" prefix

Olga451165
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Can someone explain the meaning of verbs that have "be" prefix vs same verb without it, like-

Spelen/bespelen

Kijken/bekijken

Studeren/bestuderen

1
2 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/LucBE
LucBE
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Check this out: etymologiebank (in Dutch).
Apparently, the be-prefix has evolved from the pronoun bij ('at', 'near').
The same goes for e.g. the b in bang (afraid), that has evolved from bij + angst. This was a revelation for me.
The same has happened in (old)English and German, but I can't find any English examples.

1
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Olga451165
Olga451165
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bang (afraid), that has evolved from bij + angst.

Wauw!! Wat gaaf!! Ik vind het echt leuk om zulke dingen te vinden

1
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Multitaal
Multitaal
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When I think about it it seems that a lot of verbs with the prefix be- need a direct object but not all of them.

spelen - to play (in every meaning),
bespelen - to play a musical instrument or to manipulate (people),

kijken - to look (generally),
bekijken = kijken naar - to look at,

studeren - to learn,
bestuderen - examine someone or something carefully, to study a topic.

0
Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RudolfFischer

Ik denk ook, dat het vooral om het contrast tussen transitieve en intransitieve werkwoorden gaat. Het prefix "be-" (net zoals in Duits) heeft erbij geen eigen betekenis meer.

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Reply2 years ago