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https://www.duolingo.com/gabzerbinatoEng

З'їсти or їсти?

gabzerbinatoEng
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I've seen these two before, and they both seem to mean "to eat". I'm sure about їсти, but what about the other one? Is it a synonym?

2 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/riwnodennyk
riwnodennyk
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These may roughly be translated as:

Я їв яблуко = I was eating an apple

Я з'їв яблуко = I have eaten an apple

Я їстиму яблуко = I will be eating an apple

Я з'їм яблуко = I will eat an apple

There are lots of pairs of verbs in Ukrainian language like this. нести - принести, казати - сказати, робити - зробити. These are called imperfective and perfective verbs.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Tartiflette_
Tartiflette_
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З'їсти means to having eaten some food without leaving anything. (See also some examples http://sum.in.ua/s/z.jidaty)

Їсти describes general process of consuming/eating food ( http://sum.in.ua/s/jisty )

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/gabzerbinatoEng
gabzerbinatoEng
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Thank you!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Garry_S
Garry_S
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"Їсти" is a process. "З'їсти" is a result.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Vitalii_Ivanov

Ehm, not exactly a result, but more a finished process.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Garry_S
Garry_S
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Of course, not exactly. :)

2 years ago