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  5. З'їсти or їсти?


З'їсти or їсти?

I've seen these two before, and they both seem to mean "to eat". I'm sure about їсти, but what about the other one? Is it a synonym?

January 24, 2016



These may roughly be translated as:

Я їв яблуко = I was eating an apple

Я з'їв яблуко = I have eaten an apple

Я їстиму яблуко = I will be eating an apple

Я з'їм яблуко = I will eat an apple

There are lots of pairs of verbs in Ukrainian language like this. нести - принести, казати - сказати, робити - зробити. These are called imperfective and perfective verbs.


З'їсти means to having eaten some food without leaving anything. (See also some examples http://sum.in.ua/s/z.jidaty)

Їсти describes general process of consuming/eating food ( http://sum.in.ua/s/jisty )


"Їсти" is a process. "З'їсти" is a result.


Ehm, not exactly a result, but more a finished process.


Of course, not exactly. :)

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