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Sorry im new to German, but how does "Apfel und ein Ei" become peanuts?! Apfel is apple, Ei is egg, right?
question about the verb "kostet" - if it means "to cost" (and not "to caress") shouldn't the infinitiv of it be "kosten"? They conjugated the verb "kosen" which means "to caress".
The conjugation is fine. The general steps are. Take the infinitve and throw away the ending (usually -en sometimes -n):
kosten --> kost
Now add the ending corresponding to your subject which would be -t in this case (3rd person singular), but because the stem already ends with a "t" you use an additional "e" in between. Otherwise one couldn't pronounce the second "t":
kost --> Es kostet
If you look at kosen:
kosen --> kos --> es kost
For kosen there is a special case for the 2nd person singular. Usually you would add an -st to the stem. This would generate a double-s (kosst) which would make the "o" sound short and thus sound different from all other conjugations. Therefore the extra "s" is left out and only a "t" is added leaving the 2nd and 3rd person singular the same for this verb.
These are general rules if the stem ends with a "-t" and you would have to add another one you add "-et" instead. If the stem ends with an "-s" and you would need to add another one, you leave the "s" out
Different languages use different idioms to express that something is very cheap -- you have to translate the entire idiom rather than focussing on the apples and eggs.
A bit like "raining cats and dogs" to say that it's raining very heavily, which German does not express with "cats" and "dogs"; or expressions such as "three sheets to the wind" for "drunk" which you can't translate literally, either.
No equivalents in Italian. There's only the opposite meaning ,"Costa un occhio della testa" (It costs an eye of the head), and it corresponds to english "arm and leg"