Further resources for learning

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The two best, best resources for self-learning, apart from Duolingo itself, for visual learners, are the series of videos on pronunciation on youtube:-

and the Big Welsh Challenge course :- (click on 'enter course', then 'skip introduction'), the section 'practice with tutor' is particularly useful, especially the male South Wales presenter, who is a well know, very funny Welsh actor. (Ignore the 'archive notice' and click on 'enter course', it works fine.).

The book that we have linked to in the Welsh course on Duolingo is here

Hard copies are available through all the usual book sellers.

For auditory learners 'Say something in Welsh' is very good and has a wide network of supporters in particular its popular Facebook group.

Finally don't forget to join our Facebook group where further discussion takes place and the writers respond to queries.

Also here is a link to an fairly good article about mutations:-

Here is a website which gives a daily crossword and also a range of 'her geirfa' vocabulary challenges:-

In addition for people not anywhere near a Welsh class, there are a number of people and places that offer online Skype lessons. Here is the link to the Skype courses of one of the Welsh centres in Wales:-


January 27, 2016

67 Comments is by far the best free Welsh/English dictionary.

January 27, 2016

from English into Welsh, try this one too

I think it surpasses for eng-->cym

January 28, 2016

If you hunt around there are a lot of supporting materials for learners of all levels

January 29, 2016

It is definitely worth looking at local Cymraeg i Oedolion (Welsh for Adults) courses. In the Gwent area, for example, there are regular Saturday and week-end schools and a week-long summer school as well as regular weekly day-time and evening classes and informal chats.

Also look at local Menter Iaith websites for all sorts of learning opportunities.

There are also regular classes and groups in several other towns and cities in Britain and other countries.

February 3, 2016

A regular magazine for learners that is worth looking at - 'Lingo Newydd'. It has a variety of articles of general interest and each one comes with a list of any unusual or difficult vocab to help you along. The subscription page is here (I couldn't find the English language page, sorry) - and look a little way down the page. If you send an English e-mail to them ( they may be willing to send you a sample copy and a subscription form.

There is also a recently published set of six Welsh readers pitched at learners: 'Ar Ben Ffordd' - - with two readers at each level : Mynediad, Sylfaen and then Canolradd. Each book is also available separately.

February 7, 2016

Lingo Newydd is now available on the iOS and Android versions of Ap Golwg for a reasonable cost.

March 26, 2016

Hi, I thought it might be interesting to find out if there are any good mobile apps to learn Welsh. All of them are available on Play Store and most are also to be found on iTunes Store.

This is a personal selection based on experience with many different apps. I was mostly interested in free apps about Welsh (or about Wales) with an English language version, because it’s much easier for beginners to use and you can compare Welsh and English to learn something new.

Below is the list of apps grouped into themes and in alphabetic order.


Complete courses:

Lovely free course for beginners, offers a variety of activities and contains plenty authentic audio recordings. A more advanced course from the same developer is available for purchase.

Say something in Welsh, a great Welsh course available from the website and via app. Users can choose between North/South Welsh pronunciation. The Challenges and Course 1 are for free and there’s more paid content. I highly recommend this app.


Another amazing app that teaches you how to use mutations properly. There is a list of words causing mutation, you can also look up grammar rules regarding prepositions, numbers, etc. Good to have it in your toolkit.

Welsh Number Whizz is an app designed to help you learn the traditional vigesimal number system. Could be useful especially for us Duolingers, as the Welsh course focuses on the decimal system.

A fantastic tool to learn verbs and their conjugations. The app offers several mini-games to practice Welsh conjugation.


I put Anki here as one of the two tools I know and use for flashcards. Anki is available both in a desktop and app version. There are a few big decks with Welsh flashcards, you can find them here: Dal Ati Android and iOS

For all those who have access to S4C this is a very useful app to learn vocabulary that is used in S4C programmes.

I fell in love with this cute game from the first tap. Such a great idea to explain the legend of two dragons in Dinas Emrys and turn it into a Welsh learning app. Great music and sounds, try it out!

If you want to learn some medical Cymraeg, check out this one: nicely arranged topics with authentic recordings and English translations. Simple and intuitive, well worth taking a look.

Many of you probably know Memrise, a popular website and app for learning languages and other subjects using flashcards. But do you know that there are many great decks (or courses, as they are called on Memrise) with Welsh vocabulary? Take a look here to see a list of Welsh flashcard courses on Memrise:

Interesting vocabulary app for learning Welsh. 8,160 words structured in about 200 levels arranged by number of letters and alphabetic order. Each level contains about 20-25 words. The app is nicely designed and fun to play. Perhaps one downside is that many of these words are old or very specialised and I often have to look up the English translations to find out what something is. Nevertheless, you will surely get to know lots of vocab after completing all the levels, so give it a try.


A very nice Welsh-English and English-Welsh dictionary. Recognizes mutations, contains common phrases. And it works offline as well. A must-have.

  • GPC Geiriadur Prifysgol Android and iOS A monolingual dictionary of Welsh, less useful for beginners, but definitely something to have on your be-able-to-use wishlist. Great features: you can download the whole database to your memory card and there are language games.


This one is perhaps not for beginners, but it’s good to know about it for the future. Contains a number of different translations of the Bible into Welsh from different periods of history.

This app allows you to buy a digital edition of Lingo Newydd, a bi-monthly magazine for Welsh learners. Articles are colour-coded to mark difficulty and there are audio recordings of articles (which you wouldn’t get in the paper edition). You can either but a single issue for £1.49 or a subscription plan (Lingo Newydd costs £9.99 year). Ap Golwg also gives access to the Golwg360 website. It’s totally free and has a useful VOCAB button at the top that shows definitions of words in articles. You don’t need the app to access the website, but it’s nice to have a shortcut to news in Welsh on your mobile device.

Fabulous app about the history of Ceredigion and Wales. Contains text and recordings in Welsh and English.

April 26, 2017

There is a lot on the BBC Learn Welsh site, too -

January 29, 2016

Much of the site is archived now but much of it still works. There is a downloadable grammar guide here - - which you might find in book form, too, if it is still in print.

February 16, 2016

The Aberystwyth-based Cymraeg i Oedolion (I think Aber have the CiO franchise for most of mid-Wales) material for their Sylfaenol course, roughly equivalent to this Duolingo one, is available here

If you are interested in the dialects, this material has pointers towards the west Wales dialect in amongst the standard material.

There is a handy summary of vocab and grammar towards the end of the file.

February 15, 2016

[deactivated user]

    Diolch! :) Also, I found Welsh Plus on Youtube. If you are in the UK (or online for distance learners), they have classes available. My Welsh TV is also on Youtube to help teach basic phrases xx

    January 29, 2016

    Wow, the Big Welsh Challenge looks amazing. It's only a shame they haven't turned it into a mobile app, or kept the html version links up to date. But thanks for the tip - much more up to date than "Now you're talking" which is what I've been using up to now.

    February 10, 2016

    Dal Ati ('Stick At It') is a television programme on S4C for learners of Welsh. There is a Youtube channel for the programme here -

    May 3, 2016

    Say Something in Welsh is an amazing course, the creators are really passionate about teaching and the course itself is really fun. Definitely check it out!

    January 27, 2016

    I second that. Well worth the time, and it will have you speaking, which makes it an excellent complement to the Duo course.

    January 27, 2016

    I really like Say Something In Welsh. they are a very good extra resource. After learning vocabulary and sentence structure on Duolingo, I practice the repetition on SSIW. And you get a choice of North or South. Wis they had something like that for Irish

    January 8, 2017

    Are there any books for learning welsh that you would recommend?

    January 27, 2016
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    The obvious choice is the 'Cwrs Mynediad' which this course has many links to, amazon uk has new copies, or for an interesting experience (it does have an english page). If you search for 'cwrs mynediad pdf' you can find an online copy of this book.

    January 27, 2016

    What is the 'Welsh for the Family' which you have tailored the course to mirror (I can't find it on amazon)? Would it be useful to have a copy?

    January 27, 2016
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    It's listed using its Welsh name, 'Cymraeg i'r teulu' , the first book would be useful, especially the earlier units which we've modelled some of the early units on, there is also a free 'ap' of the first three units. If you can afford then both books would be useful, otherwise there are more units modeled on Cwrs Mynediad and the free Cymraeg i'r Teulu 'ap' covers some early important grammar.

    January 27, 2016

    I can't find the pdf

    March 3, 2016
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    which one?

    March 3, 2016

    The cwrs mynediad book.

    March 3, 2016 is also a great resource; it's a dictionary with spoken audio pronunciations.

    January 29, 2016

    Yes, is excellent, with full conjugations of verbs and some good examples of phrases using the words. For smart phones and tablets get hold of the free Ap Geiriaduron, easily the best Welsh dictionary app, and which draws on a number of standard Welsh dictionaries.

    You need to register (for free) to use Gweiadur. As at Apr 2018 you need to send an e-mail to to ask for a user id to be set up for you..

    January 29, 2016

    I teach Welsh to adults in Cardigan, and use Quizlet a lot to support their learning. There are vocabulary cards there for most of the courses taught in classrooms in Wales. I've been recording audio on the cards for the courses I teach. Content can be easily exported, customised, added to, and used in a variety of apps.

    January 30, 2016

    I live in the states and love the Welsh language but it's really hard to find anyone to practice with, do you have any suggestions? Diloch

    April 27, 2016

    @kgrimm1 There are more learners in the US than you might expect. Whereabouts are you?

    April 27, 2016

    Southern Ohio

    April 28, 2016

    Take a look at Ohio on the "Rest of the World" map here:

    Those are learners with (I highly recommend it if you haven't checked it out), and you can try to connect with them via the forum there.

    April 28, 2016

    Diloch JoanieSchaffer

    April 28, 2016

    Helo kgrimm, I saw you comment on duolingo just now, I have the same problem. I would like some one to practice with too. I am in the UK.

    September 11, 2017

    Hi and thanks for this course! Do you know if there is a Welsh grammar or something like that in French somewhere on the net?

    June 14, 2016

    I have the same question ! I just found two dictionaries from French (Le Nouveau Dico Gallois-Français rather for students, and the Geriadur Ffrangeg-Cymraeg-Ffrangeg).

    June 14, 2016

    Thanks for the references (and now I know how to say "French" in Welsh ^^)!

    There is a lot of links explained in French on this page: However, there are often links to English or Welsh pages.

    This text is interesting:, but I do not know if it is easily downloadable if you have no account on, and it seems to be more for linguists than for language lovers.

    June 14, 2016

    Thank you a lot for this link ! You are right, I had forgot Lexilogos.

    The article cites a few tools :

    HUMPHREYS, H. LL., 1979-1980. La Langue galloise, une présentation, vol. I. Le Cadre extralinguistique, 1979, vol. II. La Langue, 1980, Brest, Université de Bretagne occidentale, Studi n° 13 et 14.

    ROUVERET, A., 1994. Syntaxe du gallois. Principes généraux et typologie, Paris, CNRS Éditions, « Collection Sciences du langage » (étude plutôt théorique, exercice d’application de la Government and Binding Theory).

    You can easily create an account on Academia, just with a email address.

    EDIT : on Academia, the author (Stephan Zimmer) put other articles. Some are about culture. Main of them seem to be about linguistics.

    June 14, 2016

    How do I type the upside down v 'accent' over a 'w' in a welsh word? Do I need a special keyboard?

    April 24, 2016

    Not necessary if you use Windows - try searching for the "To bach" software (it's free). It uses the "AltGr" key to enable you to type the ^ accent over all the letters that may need it within just about any application you use on your computer: â ê î ô û ŵ ŷ Â Ê Î Ô Û . It's very, very, easy to use.

    You could also use Character Map (built into Windows), find the correct character, copy it, then paste it where you want. If you're using a suitable application and keyboard, type "0175" on the numeric keypad, then "Alt + X" and it should put in the correct character (this also works using the numbers on the main keyboard for me). If this works for you, the code for the ŷ character is "0177" then "Alt + X". For me this way of doing it works if I use Word, but doesn't work as I'm typing this message. If you're using Word (or similar), you could get Autocorrect to replace a particular combination of letters/symbols with ŵ or ŷ automatically for you - sadly autocorrect won't work for many applications . . . . .. but "To bach" does.

    Before I found "To bach", I used to put both letters - ŵŷ - into something like Word, copy them to the clipboard, paste into wherever I needed one of them, then delete the one I didn't use. For me, this was the most reliable way to get them into other applications (e.g. this message) as it always worked.
    Can't help for Mac or Android as I haven't got them. Hope this helps. (and I am not connected in any way to whomever wrote the little "To Bach" utility — I'm just a big fan of it!)

    April 24, 2016

    On OS X on a Mac you can just set it up to use its 'Welsh' keyboard layout (same layout as British, but with different effects with the Alt key), and then the ŷ, ŵ, ô, etc are available by pressing alt-y, alt-w, alt-o, etc. Very simple.

    On iOS, just keep your finger pressed on the key and a sub-menu of related characters will pop up, including those with the Welsh diacritics ˆ`´¨. Even simpler than OS X.

    I think that Windows has a similar Welsh keyboard layout to OS X tucked away somewhere, but I am not sure how to get to it.

    April 24, 2016

    There is a good set of links to additional information and resources here

    September 6, 2016

    Recently updated Welsh Government web-site about learning and using the language - here.

    S4C's Dal Ati web-site is here

    May 30, 2017

    The first page here has a simple table of the mutations.

    September 10, 2017

    I just completely accidentally hit the little red down arrow. I hope these arrows and numbers are meaningless. If not, apologies. I am finding the Now Your [sic] Talking series on YouTube very helpful. Lesson one here:

    December 3, 2017
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    Dim problem, you just accidentally knocked our approval down a little. They have real significance although there are a little feedback. You can actually reverse it by clicking on the up arrow.

    Yes, the Now we're talking course is good. It would be great if it were to be updated.

    December 3, 2017

    the book link doesn't work :(

    August 14, 2018

    Hi @askepka- try

    August 14, 2018

    I think youtube videos are a great way to get a feel for pronunciation. I always recommend Language exchange apps too (hello talk, tandem etc). If you want new material to practise reading then any of the sites on here:- should suffice. Also, my favorite place for grammar is...

    November 3, 2018
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