Czesc (I know they should have diacritical marks). I was at the Carnegie Mellon International Film Festival to see the excellent Polish film Fuga. The organizer of the festival was born in Lodz. (I know--accent mark). I wanted to tell her that i loved the film, and she said "kochac" is only used for loving people, never objects or activities. This woman is a professor of Polish Language Studies at the University of Pittsburgh. What she told me does not jive with what I am learning on Duolingo. Could you comment on this, Jellei?
This is like English speakers arguing whether "than he" or "than him" is the correct form. Language is changing constantly and "kochać" is just one of those words, which are currently undergoing a shift in meaning. Traditionally, "kochać" was used exclusively to refer to people (or pets), but in recent years its meaning has broadened (maybe under the influence of English or German?). Nowadays, many people use it to refer to inanimate objects, whereas others claim that this is a mistake.
The PWN dictionary states:
kochać «darzyć kogoś uczuciem miłości albo bardzo lubić kogoś lub coś»
As you can see kochać coś is acceptable. Maybe the professor was a bit of a prescriptivist, denying the fact that languages evolve. Anyway, I'm sure she had her reasons and is entitled to her opinion.
I must add that kochać coś is still a quite colloquial phrase, so if you want to sound formal, I would advise you to avoid it.
Thanks, Alik, for such a thorough and thoughtful answer. I guess I am a bit of a purist/prescriptivist as well. English--at least American English--has gotten so sloppy (evidence of lazy thinking and poor education), and it does bug me a bit that that attitude is influencing other languages so much. I'll just have to consider my audience when using kochać.
the program was wrong, maybe a glitch or sth, as here "on kocha wino" is "defined" translation.
there is no "mocha" in Polish, other than a borrowed word for a kind of coffee. (other spelling "mokka" )
In present tense, and future tense of perfective verbs the forms of verbs do not depend on gender.
And in past tense , and in future tense of not perfective verbs the change between genders is in the suffix, (on kochał, ona kochała)
Po polsku nie można 'kochać' wina. Można je 'uwielbiać'. Czasownik 'kochać' może się odnosić jedynie do ludzi, ojczyzny, i może ewentualnie do zwierząt domowych, ale na pewno nie do jedzenia. Byc moze teraz juz sa takie angielskie naleciałości w języku polskim, ale jeszcze 10-20 lat temu to by takie wyrazenie wysilali.