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Yes, the traditional rule is that des or des pommes becomes de when there is an adjective preceding the noun, HOWEVER, this is evolving out if the language in France because it doesn't make any sense. I see des jolies pommes more and more often in native writing. C'est la révolution! I don't know if it Is part of the reformed doctrinaire or just common practice.
When talking about parts of the body and the possessor is unambiguous, you're supposed to use the definite article, e.g. «Il a les yeux bleus.» Now, I cannot explain the switch to «de» other than to presume the adjective somehow releases you from the need to use the definite article, and you fall back to the "normal" grammar. In fact, I could find no examples of «Il a les beaux yeux» on Google Ngram, but plenty of «Il a de beaux yeux.»
Doesn't "noir" mean black? Why is saying she has beautiful black eyes not allowed?
OK people. Let's put this one to bed. Does this sentence mean her eye pigmentation is black or she has a bruised eye?
- a black eye (bruised)
- two black eyes (bruised)
- black eyes (pigmentation)
In normal conversation we assume that everyone has two eyes, and that they're not injured unless otherwise stated. If "a" or "two" comes before "black eye(s)" it mean bruising because we're being specific, otherwise it means pigmentation.
- She has a beautiful black eye (irony)
- She has two beautiful black eyes (poor girl!)
- She has beautiful black eyes (a straight compliment)
It's a bit like translating "chocolat noir" as black chocolate. We don't say it in English. The word dark is used to describe both eyes and chocolate. Also, in French, noire is also used to talk about the dark, as in the night. My "she has lovely dark eyes" was thrown out into the dark, cold wilderness.
When talking about body parts French speakers tend to use the definite article, such as in your example «j'ai les yeux bleus». But sometimes not, and it can be hard to figure out exactly when not, it depends on context within the sentence and possibly even in the sentences around it, and French speakers don't all agree on it either. Best I could determine as certain have been two different cases:
When you have, for example, mainly brown hair, but you also have some white hairs, you might say "j'ai des cheveux blancs". -- only some of them are white, so you use the partitive article.
When there is something beyond simple about the description, something unusual, something specifically pointed out. Beautiful blue eyes, or clear blue eyes, or magnificent blue eyes, those get the partitive article: «elle a de beaux yeux bleus» or «elle a des yeux bleus magnifiques».
If it helps, you could think of the times when we in English might say "she sure has some amazing blue eyes!", and there is your "some" for «des».
There's a discussion on wordreference about it (well, one of many): http://forum.wordreference.com/threads/fr-avoir-les-des-cheveux-yeux-le-un-nez-adjectif-choix-de-larticle.2710694/
It's a little complicated. In general, adjectives are placed after the noun. The same rules stand for multiple adjectives as for single ones. You have to look at each of the adjectives and decide individually where it needs to be placed.
Many exceptions are covered by the BANGS rule: adjectives come before the noun if they refer to:
Some adjectives are "fickle" -- they change meaning depending on whether you place them before or after the noun. Those you have to pretty much learn by rote because there is no convenient rule. Though there is a rule about how the meaning changes -- placement before the noun indicates figurative or subjective meaning, placement after literal or objective meaning:
You can find your answer among the comments above: CJ.Dennis has already answered your question:
"« de » would normally be « des [yeux] » - "[some] [eyes]" but you're not allowed to use « des » before an adjective, it must always be « de » instead. « de beaux yeux » - "[some] beautiful eyes".
« des yeux » « des yeux noirs » « de beaux yeux » « de beaux yeux noirs »"
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