Mange / manges / mangent / mangeons
One thing remains unclear; that is how and when to use which verb forms? For example "to eat" = "mange" / "manges" / "mangent" / "mangeons" / et cetera. I would much rather try and understand the morphological change than try and memorise all the different verb realizations and their correct syntactic context. The same applies to the verb variation in "to drink" = "bois" / "boit" / "boivent" / "buvez" / et cetera. Some clarity would be much appreciated.
As csi explained, follow this guideline in general:
to eat: manger
I eat: "mange"
You (singular) eat: "tu manges" (add an 's')
He/She eats: "Il/Elle mange" (same conjugation as 'I eat')
We eat: "Nous mangeons" (add an 'ons')
You (plural) eat: "Vous mangez" (add a 'z')
They eat: "Ils/Elles mangent" (add an 'nt')
You / "mangent" / "mangeons"
To drink: boire
I drink: "Je bois"
You (singular) drink: "Tu boit"
He/She drinks: "Il/Elle bois"
We drink: "Nous buvons"
You (plural) drink: "Vouz buvez"
They drink: "Ils/Elles buvent"
I do not understand. So each verb in French has their own congujation,right?
But i wish i learn some many verbs in French but they are ver difficult. I understood your explnation, thank you by the chance; but it's confusing for example:
You (singular) eat: "tu manges" (add an 's') we just add the s and it becomes into MANGES
What about with to boire? its prefix is ''boi'' and its suffix ''re.''
and if you see . You (singular) drink: "Tu boit" why don't we just add the ''S''letter?
Why does its prefix changed into ''bu''? and Why did not changed with manger? They drink: "Ils/Elles buvent" I hope I made my self clear. Have a good day :)
manger is a regular verb so do all other regular verbs conjugate in the same way? by the way i gave you your 14th lingot! =-)
You have to conjugate the word from a base: the word "mange" has a base of "mang". Then, memorize the add-ons:
il/elle (he/she)- mang+e = mange *pronounced mang-zh
je (i)- mang+e =mange *pronounced mang-zh
tu (you)- mang+es =manges *pronounced mang-zh
vous (you(formal or plural))- mang+ez *pronounced mang-zh-A
Nous (we)- mang+eons =mangeons *pronounced mang-zh-on
ils/elles (they)- mangent =mangent *pronounced mang-zh *be careful on this one!
Hope that helped :)
The verb form changes based on the person (it's called conjugation). For instance, in English, we say "I eat" but we don't say "he eat", instead we say "he eats". For the other persons (you, they) the verb form remains "eat", in English, but in French each person takes a different form. Generally, it goes something like this: 1st person singular (je) -e ; 2nd person singular (tu) -es; 3rd person singular (il, elle, on) -e; 1st person plural (nous) -ons; 2nd person plural (vous) -ez; 3rd person plural (ils, elles) -ent. This is just a generalization, the actual conjugation depends on whether it's an -er verb or an -ir verb, or an irregular verb, or I can't remember what else, it's been a while. But now that you know basically what's going on it'll all start to make sense now.
Thank you so much! I'm really having a hard time understanding things between mange, manges, mangent and mangeons. Now I know what to use after each pronoun. Hope to learn more and speak French fluently soon! Merci beaucoup! :D
je bois tu bois il/elle boit nous buvons vous buvez ils/elles boivent the general rule for the present verb time is: s,s,t,ons,ez,ent and a lot of verbs will follow that form (in the present time)
verbs ending in -er usually follow the -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, -ent endings verbs ending in -re usually follow -s, -s, -t, -ez, -ons, -ent, but with a change to the stem in the plural (boi- becomes buv-, etc.) -ir verbs are the same as -re verbs in the singular, but only drop the -r and add -ss- to the stem (jouir: jouis, jouis, jouit, jouissons, jouissez, jouissent) These are just general rules, as there are a lot of exceptions (aller, avoir and etre are probably the most used)
Helpful tip: Hover over the verb and use the "conjugate" button to display a list of present tense conjugations for every person.
Mange is for je, il, and elle, manges is for tu, mangent is for ils and elles, mangeons is for nous, and mangez is for vous. But it looks like you are referring to pronunciation...well then, just go by the word they sa before, but I understand thata wouldn't work for ils and elles...