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  5. "Sometimes I am sad."

"Sometimes I am sad."

Translation:Czasami jestem smutna.

February 6, 2016



what is the difference between "smutna" and "smutny" ? Is one for when a woman is speaking and the other when a man is speaking?


Yes. Polish adjectives always have gender. Smutny is masculine, smutna feminine, smutne neuter. If a person describes themselves, they use their own male/female gender. You cannot describe a person with an adjective without assuming their gender.


Is there a difference between "jestem smutny" and "smutno mi?"


smutno mi is I feel sad.


Tired, drove 200 kilomters to my veterans hospital for 10 AM. appt. and and a 3 Pm and got home late. Hard day for an old timer.

  • 1303

Czasem jestem smutny. Czasami jestem smutna. Both are correct, apparently. Why are czasem and czasemi interchangeable? Is it because the verb is być?


If smutny is male and smutna is female, how do I guess this in English? I mean, how can I know when it refers to female or male adjective? I think Duolingo should put it into brackets or something, shouldn't it?


you use whichever you want. (or in this sentence the one you want to use to describe yourself)

unfortunately we can't add any additional information/ Even adding things in hints creates problems in the app.


Sorry, but I'm still not sure I understand why smutna is used here instead of smutną.


If there's just an adjective, it takes nominative. If there's an additional noun, for example: "jestem smutną kobietą", then it takes the instrumental.


Oh, that's actually surprisingly simple. Thanks for explaining :)


The whole topic around those phrases is a tiny bit more complicated, but here's a post that explains everything: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/16373167

Your question is answered there in "Part Three".


Thanks for the link, that was a great read! I feel smarter now


I thought that sad here was an adverb?


Sadly, it's an adjective.

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