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Welsh present tense: simple present, present continuous, or both?

In a sentence such as "Dach chi'n bwyta caws?", does that mean "Are you eating cheese?" (right now), or "Do you eat cheese?" (in general), or can it mean either?

From the construction using "to be", I would expect it to be present continuous only.

February 6, 2016



When using the construction with bod + verb-noun, it works in both senses.


Simply, both :) If someone is eating cheese in front of you and you're disgusted, you could say "Dach chi'n bwyta caws?!" meaning "Are you eating cheese?!" If you stick a day or a time phrase (such as rŵan/nawr) at the end, giving, "Dach chi'n bwyta caws rŵan/ddydd Llun", it changes to "Are you eating cheese now? Do you eat cheese on Mondays?"

  • 2506

Exactly, for English speakers that can be a dilemma... For others like us, Hungarians, Finns, Germans, etc... where we have only one present tense, this is not a question :) Each language has one or more special characteristics. I like this way as the Welsh says. But I "hate" the past tenses...

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