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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

Slow Finnish - Chapter 10g - Saisinko puolukoita?

J.L. Runebergin päivä

5 February is Runeberg's Day. Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804 -1877) was a Finnish poet, who wrote in Swedish. His most famous work is The Tales of Ensign Stål. Its first poem Vårt land (Maamme) became the Finnish National Anthem. The most celebrated poem in the Tales is about Sven Dufva, a simple soldier, who holds the Koljonvirta bridge in Iisalmi all alone against the Russian forces, even though he does not know how to use a gun. When Dufva finally dies, the reader reaches these much loved lines:

‘It knew precisely where to strike, that little ball of lead,’

Said Sandels then, ‘and more by half than some of us,’ he said.

‘It knew to let his head alone, which was the poorer part,

And aimed for what was worthier, his noble, valiant heart.’

The day is celebrated by eating Runebergintorttu:


HARJOITUKSET

Harjoitus 1

Muuta partitiivin monikkoon. - Change into the partitive plural.

  • kiltti tyttö
  • tuhma koira
  • pitkä ilta
  • isä ja äiti
  • kaunis kieli
  • kylmä järvi
  • päivä ja yö
  • ruotsalainen nimi
  • mukava opettaja
  • kamala taiteilija
  • kallis sairaala
  • mustikka ja mansikka
  • lääkäri ja sairaanhoitaja

Harjoitus 2

Käännä englanniksi. - Translate into English.

  • Torilla on perunoita ja porkkanoita.
  • Kaupassa on paljon ihmisiä.
  • Minulla on mustikoita ja mansikoita.
  • Isällämme on paljon serkkuja.
  • Kirjastossa on vähän kirjoja.
  • Sairaalassa on lääkäreitä ja sairaanhoitajia.
  • Ravintolassa on sieniä ja hedelmiä.
  • Satamassa on isoja laivoja.
  • Kannan kukat torille.
  • Kannan kukkia torille.
  • Rakastan lakkoja.
  • Ostamme luumuja ja kirsikoita.
  • Haluatteko ruusuja?
  • Et halua tomaatteja.
  • Minulla on kalliita autoja.
  • Kalliit autot ovat minulla.
  • Nuorella naisella on pieniä lapsia.
  • He ovat veljiäni.
  • Miehet ovat ystäviäni.
  • Olemme suomalaisia.
  • Suomi ja viro ovat kauniita kieliä.
  • Sairaalassa on liikaa huonoja lääkäreitä.
  • Meillä on liian vähän laatikoita.
  • Minulla ei ole tarpeeksi sipuleita.

Harjoitus 3

Käännä suomeksi. - Translate into Finnish.

  • Finland and Norway are beautiful countries.
  • I have owls.
  • I have the owls.
  • They are his sisters.
  • You (plural) are Swedish.
  • He does not have enough friends.
  • There are too few teachers at the school.
  • Are there a lot of bilberries at the market place?
  • There are too many carrots in the box.
  • There are a lot of people in the city.
  • There are books and newspapers/magazines in the bookshop.
  • There are trains at the railway station.
  • Are there pigs at the farm?
  • I have cats and dogs.
  • You (singular) have the cats and dogs.
  • The farmer has cows.
  • The farmer has 15 cows.
  • I am eating strawberries.
  • I eat the strawberries.
  • I am buying lingonberries.
  • We want raspberries.
  • He loves lakes.
  • Do you (plural) sell bilberries?
  • I carry flowers to the market place.
  • She carries the flowers to the market place.
  • They want apples.
  • We have enough onions.

Let me know what you thought about the lesson. Here is a link to the previous lessons: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/10579104

Hei!

February 7, 2016

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

VASTAUKSET

Harjoitus 1

  • kilttejä tyttöjä
  • tuhmia koiria
  • pitkiä iltoja
  • isiä ja äitejä
  • kauniita kieliä
  • kylmiä järviä
  • päiviä ja öitä
  • ruotsalaisia nimiä
  • mukavia opettajia
  • kamalia taiteilijoita
  • kalliita sairaaloita
  • mustikoita ja mansikoita
  • lääkäreitä ja sairaanhoitajia

Harjoitus 2

  • There are potatoes and carrots at the market place.
  • There are a lot of people in the shop.
  • I have bilberries and strawberries.
  • Our father has a lot of cousins.
  • There are few books in the library.
  • There are doctors and nurses at the hospital.
  • There are mushrooms and fruit in the restaurant.
  • There are big ships in the port.
  • I carry the flowers to the market place.
  • I carry flowers to the market place.
  • I love cloudberries.
  • We are buying plums and cherries.
  • Do you want roses?
  • You do not want tomatoes.
  • I have expensive cars.
  • I have the expensive cars.
  • The young woman has small children.
  • They are my brothers.
  • The men are my friends.
  • We are Finnish.
  • Finnish and Estonian are beautiful languages.
  • There are too many bad doctors at the hospital.
  • We have too few boxes.
  • I do not have enough onions.

Harjoitus 3

  • Suomi ja Norja ovat kauniita maita.
  • Minulla on pöllöjä.
  • Pöllöt ovat minulla.
  • He ovat hänen siskojansa.
  • Olette ruotsalaisia.
  • Hänellä ei ole tarpeeksi ystäviä.
  • Koulussa on liian vähän opettajia.
  • Onko torilla paljon mustikoita?
  • Laatikossa on liian paljon porkkanoita.
  • Kaupungissa on paljon ihmisiä.
  • Kirjakaupassa on kirjoja ja lehtiä.
  • Rautatieasemalla on junia.
  • Onko maatilalla sikoja?
  • Minulla on kissoja ja koiria.
  • Kissat ja koirat ovat sinulla.
  • Maanviljelijällä on lehmiä.
  • Maanviljelijällä on 15 lehmää.
  • Syön mansikoita.
  • Syön mansikat.
  • Ostan puolukoita.
  • Haluamme vadelmia.
  • Hän rakastaa järviä.
  • Myyttekö mustikoita?
  • Kannan kukkia torille.
  • Hän kantaa kukat torille.
  • He haluavat omenoita.
  • Meillä on tarpeeksi sipuleita.

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

On the occasion of Runeberg's Day this year, I read that he was also a very keen writer of hymns. In fact, although we now remember him mostly for having written those poems and lyrics that came to shape Finnish identity which you already mentioned, in his own times (when he was already a celebrated author), his religious songs probably had a larger impact on people, since people went to church regularly and thus sang these often.

For anyone wanting to visit Finland, it might be interesting to know that Runeberg's home in Porvoo (Borgå), one of Finland's oldest cities which lies about an hour away from Helsinki, is now a museum. Even if you've never read his works, it's quite nice to walk around and see how the cultured classes lived in the 19th century.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PINKMOOD

Why doesn't your link glow?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Zzzzz...

I do not know. I tried several times, but it just refuses to work. :(


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Lars200

Tack så mycket!

Jag hade aldrig sett ordet "fänrik" översatt förut. Hoppas runebergstårtan var god!

För de som är intresserade passar jag också på att klistra in originalet:

"Den kulan visste hur den tog, det måste erkänt bli", Så talte generalen blott, "den visste mer än vi; Det lät hans panna bli i fred, ty den var klen och arm, Och höll sig till vad bättre var, hans ädla, tappra barm."

Och dessa ord de spriddes sen i hären vitt och brett, Och alla tyckte överallt, att Sandels talat rätt. "Ty visst var tanken", mente man, "hos Duva knapp till mått; Ett dåligt huvud hade han, men hjärtat, det var gott."

Hela versen finner ni här, på Projekt Runeberg: http://runeberg.org/fstal/1g.html


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/annika_a

"Ensign" was a new word for me, too! :-)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/widle

Done. Thank you for the (much needed) exercises and also for the piece of information - I was quite surprised when the post started in English. :)

The cake looks tasty.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Johannesm1111

you are using the Finnish comma system... in English

I just realized how awkward Finnish comma rules would be in English

"I think, that he is right."

"A cat eats mice, when it is hungry."

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