"This new cheese is tasty."
Translation:Ten nowy ser jest smaczny.
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Generally it's the ending, even if there are exceptions to it. You have to look at the Nominative form, the basic one.
If it ends with a consonant, the noun is most probably masculine.
If it ends with -a, the noun is most probably feminine.
If it ends with -o, -ę or -um, the noun is neuter.
Apart from that, the logic may indicate the gender. Words like "tata" (dad) and "mężczyzna" (a man) end with -a, but as they clearly describe masculine subjects, they are masculine.