How do YOU structure your verb tables?
I've been putting all the verbs I learn into a singular table. I'm now just 4 or 5 skills from finishing the tree, and the columns I have in my table are as follows:
Pronunciation + Notes
However, I'm now up to Passive Verbs, which appears to have a new form for every tense. Other than adding a whole bunch of new columns to my table, I'm not sure how to go about taking note of these new forms.
What do you do? Or do you have any ideas?
In traditional analyses of Swedish grammar, the following verb forms are commonly enumerated:
- infinitive (e.g., äta)
- present (e.g., äter)
- past (e.g., åt)
- supine (e.g., ätit)
- past participle (e.g., äten/ätet/ätna)
Passive forms usually aren't listed, because they can be predicted from these other forms. For most forms, forming a passive is just a matter of attaching an -s (however, note that participles have no passive form). The situation is only slightly more complex for the present form, which follows the following rules:
- if the present form ends in -er, drop the -er or the -r and add -s: byter → byts / bytes, skiljer → skiljs / skiljes, läser → läses
- otherwise, drop the -r of the present form and add -s: pratar → pratas, går → gås, syr → sys
I hope that helps.