What is the "to" at the end? Is it the subject of the sentence?
(At first I translated this as "It has touched it to me", assuming that the first "it" (subject) was included in the verb form (3PSN).)
If the "to" is at the end is indeed the subject, is this construction common?
I assume its to stress the "it"? or what part of the sentence does it stress, if any?
You have only 3 words. One of them is verb, another one is used in Genitive, there is also one in Nominative - "to" which should be the subject of the sentence. Yes, it's quite common expression and the accent falls on "to".
"to" is also the Accusative form, hence my confusion. Thanks for explaining!
It has touched me - is this literal, or also comparable to the English expression where you are describing something as emotionally resonant?
Both, and with the very vague 'to' - the emotional version seems more probable. However, it's emotional meaning is different than in English.
If you mean that you watched a beautiful, sad movie - that's "wzruszyć", and the sentence will be "Wzruszyło mnie to". The same if your friends gave you a really well-thought present which made you almost cry, and similar contexts which are positive.
In Polish, if something "dotknęło cię", that actually means that it offended you a bit, made you sad. "Dotknęło mnie to" could be a next phrase after a sentence saying "He said that I've gotten a bit plump" or "The boss said that my work performance is not that great, although I think that I actually work really hard".
It's worth adding that the two meanings are separated by the case that the verb connects to in Polish:
- „Dotykam (kogo? co? accusative) ją” – I'm unpleasant to her
- „Dotykam (kogo? czego? genitive) jej” – I'm making physical contact with her body
Obviously, since „mnie” is both accusative and genitive(and also dative), this sentence allows both interpretations. ;)
Well, technically it's the subject, some unknown "it".
With such a word order, I'd understand it as "It hurt me" (not physically, but the way that words hurt)
The first example clearly had "Dotknęło mi to", but "Dotknelo mi to" counts as a mistake. (I usually skip the special Polish symbols because I don't want to add another language on my PC or to use a mouse).
However, "Dotknelo mnie to" counts as a correct answer.
No, "Dotknęło mi to" makes no sense. "dotknąć" takes Genitive, "mi" is Dative.
Strange. For 'Dotknąłeś mnie' the main answer was 'Did you touch me?' but for this one, it gets present perfect as a main answer..