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Emir Cümleleri (Imperative Clauses)

MeteUlku
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First, we need to know the singular, plural persons and their imperative suffixes in Turkish.

  • Ben (I) ------------------- DO NOT USE person form. + -eyim/-ayım
  • Sen (You [singular]) ------ NO Person form + NO Suffix (just main verb without -mek/-mak)
  • O (He/she/it) ------------ -sın / -sin
  • Biz (We) ----------------- DO NOT USE person form + -elim/-alım
  • Siz (You [plural]) -------- -(y)ın / -(y)in
  • Onlar (They) ----------- -sınlar / -sinler

Remember to use "-mek/-mak" while making an infinitive verb. "-mek/-mak" is called as Mastar ("Infinitive" in English ) in Turkish.

Example sentences:

  • To come : Gelmek
  • To go out : Dışarı çıkmak
  • To sit down : Oturmak
  • To stand up : Kalkmak

As we see. Now, we remove infinitives. Then, they will turn into imperative ones.

Examples of imperative clauses:

  1. Come! - Gel! (its base verb is "gelmek" but we removed -mek from there.)
  2. Go out! - Dışarı çık! (its base is "dışarı çıkmak")
  3. Go! - Git! ("gitmek")
  4. Sit down! - Otur! ("oturmak")
  5. Stand up! - Kalk! ("kalkmak")
  6. Let him/her/it go! - Gitsin! ("gitmek")
  7. Let's take the money! - Parayı alalım! (to take the money="parayı almak")

Examples with "to come" (gelmek):

  • I : (Ben) geleyim. ----------- Let me come.
  • You (singular) : (Sen) gel. -------- Come. (singular)
  • He/she/it : (O) gelsin. ------ Let him/her/it come.
  • We : (Biz) gelelim. ---------- Let us come.
  • You (plural) : (Siz) gelin. ---- Come. (plural)
  • They : (Onlar) gelsinler. ---- Let them come.

Type, If you have any curiosity about these, please.

2 years ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

Nice guide!

For the grammar nerds out there; the first persons "-eyim" and "-elim" are actually the subjunctive forms, not the imperative, as one can't give an order to oneself.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Selcen_Ozturk
Selcen_Ozturk
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exactly, and the conjugation for other persons, although not widely used, are:

  • yapayım
  • yapasın
  • yapa
  • yapalım
  • yapasınız
  • yapalar

:)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
AlexinNotTurkey
Mod
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Actually, if you want to be really, really specific, they are called the "optative" forms, but that is not that important. Turkish is one of the few languages that uses this verbal mood commonly. :D

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mira.alexandra

Teşekkür ederim. :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/besherat
besherat
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Examples with "to come" (gelmek): and the whole examples completelly confused me, especially the 3rd pl. sufix -sinler . Why is -sinler? Can you give us much more examples that we may see some connections with those sufixes?

1 year ago