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"Hablamos sobre muchos temas."

Translation:We talked about many topics.

5 years ago

104 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/jalnt
jalnt
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In case you're wondering, it's "el tema" and not "la tema". This is because it comes from a Greek root rather than Latin, and most words of Greek origin are masculine in Spanish.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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I was very relieved to hear this because I know Greek. BUT la filosofia, la aritmética, la lógica, la democrasia, la tragedia, la sátira, la asma ... ON THE OTHER HAND el tema, el problema, el poema, el cronograma, el alfa, el beta, ... el omega In Greek most nouns ending in -a are feminine, except for those ending in -ma and the letters which all are neutrals. Maybe the rule is: Borrowed from a Greek -a noun not feminine as usually then masculine in Spanish. What?

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bawallish
bawallish
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My college Spanish teacher said that a general rule is that the Greek-based maculine words look like English words and end in -ma, -pa, or -ta. So, el tema, el mapa, el problema, el poeta, etc.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Well there are no Greek - pa words and very few in Spanish: el Papa and el papá have natural gender and no Greek origin. El mapa is from Latin: mappa and is χάρτης (hártis) borrowed to En as chart

The masculine Spanish -ma words are from Greek neuter -μα words and often look the same as their origin. These words have lost the final -a in English το κλίμα/ Sp. el clima/ En.the climate

το φάντασμα/ el fantasma/ the phantasm

το πρόβλημα/ el problema/ the problemτο σύστημα ...

The masculine Spanish -ta words are from Greek masculine -tis/-της words and this - tis becomes -ta in Spanish and -t in English

ο πλανήτης/ el planeta/ the planet

ο κωμήτης/ el cometa/ the comet

ο προφήτης/ el proféta / the prophet ...

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/miroslav729599

el poeta is masculine ok and could I say la poeta when I talk about feminine poet?

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MiguelAgustin0

The feminine poet is: poetisa.

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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La poetisa is the traditional word for a female poet «Doctora, periodista y poetisa, fue presidenta de la Liga de Mujeres Albanesas»(Alborch Malas [Esp. 2002])

La poeta is a more modern form «Sor Juana, la poeta mestiza de México»

See: Real Academia Española http://lema.rae.es/dpd/?key=pronombres%20personales%20%C3%A1tonos

2 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ShawnG1984

That's the exact explanation I was looking for.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HelenWende1

Dratted tricky a-ending masculines. Grumble. Actually this does help. I know Greek, so any time I see a Greek root word ending in a, I will know it's masculine.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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HelenWender! Greek nouns ending in -ma have neutral gender and since this gender does not exist in Spanish they make them masculine not to defend the noun by degradating its gender. The other Greek nouns ending in -a are feminine and of course get the same gender in Spanish.

However -ta nouns in Spanish from Greek masculine tis-(της) nouns keep the Greek gender: el planeta, el cometa

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MinombreesDJ

Gracias

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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Is that el gracias? :-)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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No "la gracia, las gracias" from Greek yes, but Greek feminine therefore also Spanish feminine like la filosofia,... (from η Χάρις/ Grace the name of Zeus's three daughters, goddesses of grace and beauty)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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Thanks kiralakra. I didn't know the Greek name for Grace transliterates to Haris. We learn far more than Spanish here!

I'm not sure that your "therefore" is justified though. As you said before, there doesn't seem to be a pattern to the gender of words transferred from Greek to Spanish. I guess the rule is: Feminine Greek words become feminine Spanish words except when they don't! :-)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Well H is my personal transcription of Greek letter Chi=Χ which now is pronounced like a sharp H, in old Greek like Kh (k in keen followed by a small blowing h). I therefore transcribe Χ as Kh if it is from old Greek, English people write Ch but how many understand that it is not the Ch in Charlie but Kh. Since Χάρις is old Greek I should have used Kharis or Charis. Carita, Carola, Caroline, Grace, Haris ... are all daughters of the Graces

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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No, I say that the genders are connected. Look at my answer to jaint here further down

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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Hi kirakrakra, Sorry to mangle your name before.

I would pronounce Chi (Χ) with the ch as in the Scottish loch. Right or wrong?

Your advice below on genders of Greek to Spanish words is interesting. Now all I need to do is learn Greek! :-)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Good Luck with the Greek studies. Until you learn it you can use my rules when you suspect the Greeks in a word. Unfortunately I do not know Scottish but I think ioch is fine.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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The "ch" in loch is pronounced like the spanish "j".

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Oh, I got it, the Loch Nessie Monster. Yes like ch in that or the Spanish j if modern Greek, like ch in christie in ancient Greek.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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Yes, yes! Loch Ness ... now why didn't I think of that?

Hey! Are you taking my name in vain? I guess that would transliterate to Χριστι. Thanks for that, you made me smile. :-)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmaJennie

Hmmm, I thought that said "Charis". (Ch = gutteral k).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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Χάρης

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/percyflage

One of the most famous poems in British English goes:

"The time has come," the Walrus said, "To talk of many things: Of shoes--and ships--and sealing-wax-- Of cabbages--and kings-- And why the sea is boiling hot-- And whether pigs have wings."

Lewis Carroll

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/sabrecellist

I'm with you, Percy. I wrote "talk of many themes," and DL was unhappy with the "of." I guess it's going with casual speech as opposed to poetic. (In either British or American English)

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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@ Sabrecellist: It's probably not so much that DL is unhappy with the "of", or that they have chosen one mode over the other, but they simply don't consider all the acceptable alternatives in these cases. Personally, I left DL a little over a year ago because of frustration with just such things, but when I returned about three months ago, it had improved enormously. The point is, if there are enough reports about this, they will likely add "talk [or speak] of many things" to the list of acceptable options. Please report it.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/OmaJennie

Oh, Geez! Duo used to be worse???

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/inbon
inbon
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I dictated "talk", it was transcribed " talked" and i noticed after pressing check. I thought it was going to be flagged; now I know why iy wasn't :-)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jon194959

That's exactly what I put, thinking of the same poem. :) Got marked wrong, though.:(

6 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jeanette525

How come "We talked about many subjects" and "We talk about many subjects" are both acceptable? Wouldn't the first one as past tense be something different?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/iakobski

If you hover over the verb and click the button "conjugate" you will see that hablamos is both present and past tense. There's no difference, you would only know from the context of the rest of the conversation.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Garbarov

Agree.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Slugasaurus22

See it marked me wrong for saying we talk (I. E. Present tense) flagged

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hazeln

We talk about many "themes" should also be correct, but I was marked wrong.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/dberthold

I did this on 9/6/13 and DL accepted "themes." You made a difference!

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/perlafantastica

hablamos has 2 meanings one in the present tense and one in the past tense. Therefore to translate the phrase as " we are talking about many themes" should be correct

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/iakobski

"we are talking" is the present progressive tense and would be "estamos hablando" in Spanish. The present tense is simply "we talk".

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MartinCo

I think you will find that the Spanish present tense can be correctly translated into BOTH the English present tense (usually used in English for habitual actions or facts that are always true) and the present progressive. I understand that the Spanish present progressive is mostly used when you want to emphasize that the action is happening now.

My guess is that temas would most likely be translated as subjects/topics.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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I don't know about this particular exercise (because I didn't try it), but DL does not, unfortunately, recognize the present progressive as an option for translating Spanish simple present tense. It should.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/joehhendrickson

But voy is accepted as I am going

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/james.ray1
james.ray1
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We talked about many subjects is in the past tense, but hablamos is in the present tense. I put "We speak about many subjects" and got it correct.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Shirlgirl007
Shirlgirl007
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Yes, I just noticed today that hablamos is both past, and present: we talked, and we talk. Good luck with the connotations of that one...

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Yes for all regular -ar verbs the we-ending is -amos both in present and imperfect, for -ir verbs it is -imos in both.

Only -er verbs have different we: -emos in present and -imos in imperfect

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MikeSilver1

Of many subjects should also work

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GruvTrain

Reported 6/6/14

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MarkMillion

Why not "We talked over many subjects?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Foomancrue

That would be an acceptable translation, sometimes Duo isn't perfect.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fluent2B

I answered: "We talk about many topics." That was judged correct.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Kai_Guy

That was my first thought, but I put subjects because I never trust DL

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/molodan
molodan
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Why is it "sobre" rather than "acerca de"?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/joehhendrickson

I would have thought acerca de would be fine. They seem to be interchangeable in this context.

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PaulineReyes

Thanks to Jalnt for reminding me that it is "el tema" and not "la tema". That answered my question about muchas temas, which I now know should be muchos temas. Oh Boy DL was correct as usual. Pauline Reyes

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Sporta-Ashura

i translated "sobre" as "over", should be right, but was not :(

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PauloRogerio7
PauloRogerio7
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when you mean position in space, it is over (over the table, over the seas), but when you mean "refferring to" , concerning, it is about.

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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In Spanish, yes, but in English it is perfectly acceptable to use "over' when the meaning is "about", "concerning" or "in reference to." For example, "Let's talk about it" and "Let's talk it over" mean exactly the same thing. :-)

(However, in keeping with the common collocation, 'over' goes with "talk"": so that we can say "We talked it over", but "We spoke it over", not so much.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/lanievjo
lanievjo
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We talked about many things was accepted

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/passosla
passosla
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I thought "temas" could be subjects, but it wasn't accepted? Am I wrong?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/coco705122

Why not..we talk about..why using the past talked...

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andreaja69
Andreaja69
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Either would be correct.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JusticeStaines

Talked is past tense and hablamos is present tense. I don't understand?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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'Hablamos' is both present tense and past tense (preterite). In actual use, you will know (or specify) which it is either by context or by time reference in a sentence. Present tense: "En este momento hablamos de muchas cosas." => "At this time we speak (or are speaking) about many things." Past tense: "Anoche hablamos de la fiesta" => Last night we spoke about the party."

http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/hablar

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bowlerae

So present and past test for we speak are both "hablamos"? I feel like that could make it hard to get the exact time frame of the action sometimes.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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Sometimes, possibly. But very rarely. Don't worry about it. Usually the time frame will be obvious in context or, if not, because of a time reference in the sentence. See above.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paulmexicodf

no really

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Pretérito indefinido = Presente for "we" of regular -ar and -ir verbs: fuma-mos = we smoke/ smoked, escribi-mos= we write/ wrote but aprend-emos = we learn; aprend-imos = we learned

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/bowlerae

So you are confirming what I said in that "hablamos" means both "we speak/spoke". That can get confusing especially in a standalone sentence where the time frame is unclear. We would not know if the action is happening now or in the past.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Yes. One can foresee this lack and add something to clarify it, I suppose. In my language we do not have progressive present so we just add something when we want to point out that it is an action in progress.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/DoubleOdoubleE

i wonder if trump had dualingo9 i bet he would suck.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mitcorb

I was thinking about maybe: We talked over many subjects. Thinking that sobre could be used in this way. As a matter of fact, in my paper dictionary, over is one of the definitions.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Spainman

How about "We talk about many things". What's wrong with that?

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Sandy_Beaches

Wouldn't that be: hablamos de / sobre muchas cosas?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Dannyellis83

'about' in this case for 'sobre' is more correct in English and it wasn't accepted! Not quite sure why?

4 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tessbee
tessbee
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The translation above says just like how you translated: about. (confused)

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/PauloRogerio7
PauloRogerio7
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DL picks up four diferent translations for theme and alternates the correct answers, for that; it is not fair.:<

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/paulmexicodf

round my way we would (usually) "things" rather than "topics" or "themes", so is the answer to be given meant to be an exact translation or a translation of meaning for using "things" should be acceptable in the latter case

3 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FatihEmreCan
FatihEmreCan
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What is the difference between subject and topic?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kirakrakra
kirakrakra
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Sometimes they are the same, sometimes not. In Duo we often discuss the grammatics of a sentence. Then the actor is the subject, the act is the predicate or verb and what is acted on is the object.

In "Pedro knits a pullover" Pedro is the subject, to knit is the predicate and pullover is the object. The topic of the sentence is not its subject, Pedro, but the knitting of pullovers.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/FatihEmreCan
FatihEmreCan
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thanks :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/hertn
hertn
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How do I know it is in the past? Hablamos to me means we are talking, not we talked.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/iakobski

We don't know whether it's past or present because the nosotros form is the same in both tenses. Both correct answers are accepted, "we talk..." (present) and "we talked..." (preterite). However, if you want to say "we are talking" in Spanish you would say "estamos hablando" (present progressive).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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How do you know it is in the present? And there's the lesson. If you need to make it clear you need appropriate context.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andika22

why is a correct solution: "we talked about...." , when it is a past tense, and the spanish one is in present?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rogercchristie
rogercchristie
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See www.wordreference.com/conj/EsVerbs.aspx?v=hablar

hablamos is first person plural in both presente and pretérito.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andika22

gracias! :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Zoidberg23

I put "multiple" and the correct answer was "many" AAGHGHGH C'MON DUOLINGO

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andreaja69
Andreaja69
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That's probably because 'multiple' would be 'multiplos' or 'varios.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BetsFung
BetsFung
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how do you know it's past tense "hablamos"

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andreaja69
Andreaja69
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You don't. It could be past or present.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/piggy563404

Is this really past tense though? Hablamos: we talk, right?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andreaja69
Andreaja69
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Both tenses, past and present, and the same for 'nosotros', 'we'. Context usually tells you which is appropriate.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MichaelPlAli
MichaelPlAli
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Why is past simple translation for present time?

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Andreaja69
Andreaja69
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For verb with an -ar ending, the first person plural, 'we', is the same in the present as the past.

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Blas_de_Lezo00
Blas_de_Lezo00
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Grammar gender in Spanish is a bit hard to learn. Only with practice and attention to the different sentences you will manage with it. The first thing we have to know is that Spanish nouns are masculine or feminine. There are no neutral nouns in Spanish. Maybe secondly, we have to know that Spanish nouns agree with the adjectives and articles in number (singular / plural) and gender (masculine / feminine), and this is a very important difference with the English grammar: "good boy" = "niño bueno", "good girl" ="niña buena", "good boys"= "niños buenos", "good girls" = "niñas buenas". Even though when we reffer to things, it gets much more difficult, since we have to know the gender of the noun, I mean "techo alto" (masc.) = "high ceiling", or "casa bonita" (fem.) = "nice house". I will give you more advice if you ask me. Therefore, good grammars, diccionaries and practice can help.

Too many exceptions for words ending in -a: taxista, acróbata, maquinista, cura, poeta, profeta, poema, problema, mapa, fantasma, clima, sistema, artista, periodista, violinista, accionista, crucigrama, día... They are masculine. By the other hand: mano, nao, seo, dinamo, radio... They are feminine. Do you still dare to talk about the endings?

9 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/neharichgarg

" We spoke about many themes " was not accepted. I think it should be.

8 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Cowman_42

De las zapatos, los barcos y el lacre. De los repollos y los reyes.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/LouV68

DL sentence - "Hablamos sobre muchos temas."

DL translation - We talked about many subjects.

Is my answer incorrect? "We talk about many topics."

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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Your answer is not incorrect. But I'm fairly sure this exercise is in the past tense unit, and "hablamos" is first person plural in both present and pretérit (simple past) tenses. The way you know the difference is usually through context, but the Owl provided none here.
. http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/hablar

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/miroslav729599

Why talked?

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ChayaDoppelt

How would you say "we are speaking"?

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tejano
tejano
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"Estamos hablando," if you mean "we are speaking" at this very moment, right now.

But actually (not meaning to add to the confusion), although Duo doesn't allow for it, you can also interpret "hablamos" to be equivalent to the English present progressive.

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/IanHarris1

I thought this would be for present tense i.e. "we talk"

3 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/graham07

The answer does not make much sense

2 months ago