Latin for Duolingo: Household, Lesson 1
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If you missed the last lesson from a week ago, here it is: Questions
Today, as promised, we will begin to delve into the household skill, the domus and things that might be found in it. Some terms will be used in the same sense as they were in Ancient Rome, and for more modern items I’ll use my best judgment of terms used by contemporary Latinists. For a good article about a typical domus as the Ancient Romans would have known it, see this. It was a gracious and elegant floor plan, still commonly found in the Mediterranean area today. We’ll see some other terms for slightly different types of dwellings as well.
bibliotheca, ae = library
camera, ae = room, chamber (traditionally, with an arched ceiling)
casa, ae = cottage, small house
cella, ae = room, storeroom
culina, ae = kitchen
fenestra, ae = window
insula, ae = apartment building (also island)
scalae, arum (pl.) = staircase, ladder (alternatively gradus, us)
taberna, ae = shop, storefront (these were located at the front of a city house, frequently rented out for extra income)
tapeta, ae = carpet, tapestry
villa, ae = farmhouse, country house
murus, i = wall
atrium, i = reception hall, living room, gathering room, great room
balneum, i = bath, bathroom (alternatively latrina, ae or lavatorium, i; thermae, arum for the public baths)
cubiculum, i = bedroom, sleeping chamber
impluvium, i = rainwater pool (in atrium of traditional domus)
ostium, i (janua, ae) = door, entrance
solum, i = floor, foundation, soil, ground, bottom
tablinum, i = office, study
tectum, i = roof, ceiling
triclinium, i = dining room (originally in reference to the three couches found there)
domus, us (f.) = house
Domus Romana impluvium habet. = The Roman house has an impluvium.
Villa est magna domus; casa est parva domus. = A farmhouse is a big house; a cottage is a small house.
Multae familiae Romanae in insulis habitant. = Many Roman families live in apartment buildings.
Quot cubicula domus tua habet? = How many bedrooms does your house have?
Quot cellas domus tua habet? = How many rooms does your house have?
Cubiculum meum muros albos habet. = My bedroom has white walls.
Est tapeta in solo. = There is a carpet on the floor.
Tapetae sunt caeruleae. = The carpets are blue.
Liberi in tapetā sedent. = The children sit on the carpet.
Solum sine tapetā est frigidum. = The floor without a carpet is cold.
Sunt aves in tecto. = There are birds on the roof.
Est aranea in tecto. = There is a spider on the ceiling.
In culinā ientaculum, sed in triclinio cenam edimus. = We eat breakfast in the kitchen, but dinner in the dining room.
Ostium aperio. = I open the door.
Fenestras aperis. = You open the windows.
Sunt tabernae avunculi mei. = They are my uncle’s shops.
Atrium est magnum et pulchrum. = The living room is large and beautiful.
Camera tectum altum habet. = The room has a high ceiling.
Marcus in tablino laborat. = Marcus works in the study.
Est corpus in bibliothecā! = There is a body in the library!
Bibliotheca multos libros habet. = The library has many books.
Ubi est balneum? = Where is the bathroom?
In balneo est. = He/she is in the bathroom.
Lucia vinum in cellā tenet. = Lucia keeps wine in the storeroom.
Habesne scalas? = Do you have stairs?
Ubi sunt scalae? = Where are the stairs?
We’ll continue with household terms next time. Gratias vobis ago et habeatis bonam fortunam!
Next lesson: Household 2
Est corpus in bibliothecā!
"Matre, cur corpus in bibliothecā est?" rogat Marcus.
"Marce, vellis ut corpus ubi sit?" respondet Mater. "In cubiculo tuo, dormis. In cubiculo nostro, dormimus. In cubiculo sororis, soror tua dormit. Etiam, in culina edimus, in tabernā nostrā vendimus. In cellā nostrā vinum est."
Thanks, very interesting! I will study this and follow the rest of your course as well! :)
Looking through the vocabulary in the sentences here, there is no word for "toilet" but rather just directions to the "bathroom", which is used for a different purpose. Perhaps there should be a sentence using "latrina" or "latrina(e) publica(e)" (if that is the correct phrase)? https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/latrina#Latin
EDIT: I see this is included in the vocab lists. Apologies