February 18, 2016

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This means "sound" or "fast" as in "stuck". I'd probably translate it as "stuck": O na, maen nhw'n sownd yn y traffig (Oh no, they're stuck in the traffic).


I've also heard mae o'n cysgu'n sownd "he's sleeping soundly; he's sound asleep; he's fast asleep".


Yes, I didn't think of that. Diolch.

For Cysgodd e'n sownd, you could say Cysgodd e fel clawdd too. I guess in English it'd be "He slept like a log" but in Welsh, literally "He slept like an embankment/hedgerow".


Is "sownd" also the word for sound as in music or I heard a sound?


No, it just mean "sound" as in "stuck".

sŵn = "sound, noise" in general e.g. Clywais i sŵn rhyfedd (I heard a strange sound), Beth ydy'r sŵn 'na? (What's that sound/noise?)

sain = "sound, audio" in a more technical sense e.g. Technegydd sain yw e (He's a sound/audio technician, effaith sain (sound effect), ton sain (sound wave), sain gytseiniol (consonant sound) etc.

[deactivated user]

    English is my native language, and I've never used the word "Sound" to mean "Stuck".


    No, I'd never say it either. It's old fashioned isn't it? Mind you, I bet you say "safe and sound".

    [deactivated user]

      You would win your bet. When I say that though, the 'sound' bit means 'in good health' Nothing to do with 'stuck'


      Ah yes you're right. I was thinking of "sound" as in "solid, secure" but that makes more sense, as in "of sound mind".


      I've heard and used the term - it's sound in the ground - meaning it is stuck fast in the ground. Or is that a Wenglish term derived from the original Cymraeg?


      "Sound" is a native English word that got borrowed into Welsh. The first record we have of sownd in Welsh is from about 400 years ago. Not sure where that phrase developed though.

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