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https://www.duolingo.com/GrandaUrso

Sentences beginning with estas

I had a quick question about Esperanto. I know when you start a sentence with estas it means "It is" (instead of having to say ĝi estas). Could you do the same with more than one object? What I mean is could I use estas to mean "There are" if I followed estas with a plural? Such as "Estas ĉiu homoj en la mondo"? Dankon!

2 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Yes, for example, you could say "Estas multaj libroj en mia ĉambro" (There are many books in my room).

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GrandaUrso

Dankon miz, mi ĉiam ĝuas vian helpon.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/truelefty
truelefty
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Estas mono en la monujo -> There is money in the wallet
Estas landoj en la mondo -> There are countries in the world
Estas la unua fojo ke mi faras tion -> It's the first time I do that or There are the first time I do that, but that sentence doesn't make sense, so it's only possible to translate it as "It's the first time I do that".
Estas la samaj nombroj -> They're the same numbers, or There are the same numbers

I hope I've helped :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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There are a few reasons a sentence would start with "estas." -- often these can be translated as "it is" or "there is" or "there are."

The other words in this kind of sentence shouldn't be thought of as the "object" - in fact, it is kind of like the subject. Changing word order can make that clear.

Havi amikojn estas amuze - having friends is fun Estas amuze havi amikojn - it's fun to have friends - having friends is fun

Estas tri pomoj sur la tablo - there are three apples on the table Tri pomoj estas sur la tablo - three apples are on the table

2 years ago