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Learning Polish phonology is what's helping me remember these words. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Help:IPA_for_Polish https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_alphabet
Try to relate it with the English doe /female deer/. Both of these words come from an ancient word that meant "to suckle", from which also comes the Latin femina. The later, though, evolved differently so it doesn't sound similar to dziewczynka (pIE *dh > pIt *þ > Cl Lat f) and is not of much help for memorization.
Yes:) I am Polish, and learning other lenguage is for similar like polish lenguage for you:) Everything needs practise:D
I don't know about polish people but I learn Polish and it is not very hard for me(I am Ukrainian
What age group does "Dziewczynki" cover? (age 1-11, 1-25?) Does it refer only to little girls, or also to young women?
Little girls, but it's hard to say when it ends. 11 seems fine, but that depends on one's personal opinion. I think 13 is maximum. If you're in doubt, it seems safer to use "dziewczyny". I guess it's better to call someone too adult than too young.
How can I do to pronounce this word correctly? Is like saying in Spanish: " Chif - chen - ki " ?
Not really. I mean, you can listen to this word on Duolingo.
In Spanish you don't always have the "dzi" sound. You, might depending on your accent, pronounce your "y" as Polish "dzi".
Polish "y" is distinct from Polish "e". It's always pronounced the same way, like in English "rhYthm".
- polish language has 7 cases, that means every noun has potentially 14 versions 7 singular and 7 plural.
Some nouns have different cases look the same, some have those cases identical by definition, some by exception, some by something in between.
Dziewczynki, like almost all feminine nouns in plural have nominative=accusative=vocative
The audio gets really quiet at the end... or is that how this word is pronounced? Thank you!
No reason for it to get quieter, so if it's like this (I cannot check), it's wrong.
I used dziewczyny instead of dziewczyni ... What's the difference since it was accepted earlier?
dziewczynKi :) Both should be accepted. "dziewczynki" are younger, "dziewczyny" are older.
is "ie" a diphthong, a monophthong like /i/ or /e/, or pronounced as two separate vowels ?
You can look up most IPAs on witionary:
As you can see, 'ie' is written as /ɛ/, so it is in fact a monophthong. However, there are some words where I have the feeling that the orthography influenced pronunciation and 'ie' becomes a bit diphthongised.