*Dw i eisiau/angen* and *Dw i'n moyn*

This has come up quite often in various 'Sentence' discussions around wants and needs. Here is a summary of what is going on.

With eisiau/angen there is no yn after the verb. This is a common usage all over Wales. It is an exceptional construction with these two nouns when used is this way:

  • Dw i eisiau car newydd (I want a new car)
  • Dw i angen car newydd (I need a new car)

But, using the verb-noun moyn, as found in some regions of Wales:

  • Dw i'n moyn car newydd (I want a new car) - 'n/yn is required in the usual way because moyn/mofyn/ymofyn is a verb-noun (wanting/to want).

[In some more formal text you will occasionally see a construction which explains what might be going on with the nouns eisiau and angen :

  • Dw i ag eisiau lifft - (literally 'I am with a want of a lift')
  • Mae e ag angen arian - (he is with a need of money)

and perhaps what has happened is that the expressions are so common that the â/ag has been dropped from common colloquial usage (and so Duo may not accept the construction with ag even if asked!).]

A more common, more formal construction with eisiau and angen is with the use of ar:

  • Mae angen cymorth cyntaf ar Dewi (Dewi needs some first aid)
  • Mae eisiau mwy o arian arna i (I want more money)
February 27, 2016


Thank you! This helps.

February 27, 2016

Ahh! The origin with â makes sense to explain how "dw i eisiau" would work grammatically.

Thank you very much! Go raibh maith agat! Diolch yn fawr! Gromerci dhis!

February 28, 2016

Thanks a lot for this comment, I had not seen it before - and surely I should spend more time on the Welsh discussion board for your explanations. That's a little bit more clear now !

June 12, 2016

So to say i want a coffee would be Dw i'n moyn Coffi instead of Dw i'n eisiau Coffi! Is this correct?

August 14, 2018

Dw i'n eisiau coffi is not correct, but you can say either Dw i'n moyn coffi or Dw i eisiau coffi (without 'n).

August 14, 2018
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