*Dw i eisiau/angen* and *Dw i'n moyn*
This has come up quite often in various 'Sentence' discussions around wants and needs. Here is a summary of what is going on.
With eisiau/angen there is no yn after the verb. This is a common usage all over Wales. It is an exceptional construction with these two nouns when used is this way:
- Dw i eisiau car newydd (I want a new car)
- Dw i angen car newydd (I need a new car)
But, using the verb-noun moyn, as found in some regions of Wales:
- Dw i'n moyn car newydd (I want a new car) - 'n/yn is required in the usual way because moyn/mofyn/ymofyn is a verb-noun (wanting/to want).
In some more formal text you will occasionally see a construction which explains what might be going on with the nouns eisiau and angen :
- Dw i ag eisiau lifft - (literally 'I am with a want of a lift')
- Mae e ag angen arian - (he is with a need of money)
and perhaps what has happened is that the expressions are so common that the â/ag has been dropped from common colloquial usage (and so Duo does not accept the construction with ag ).
A more common, more formal construction with eisiau and angen is with the use of ar:
- Mae angen cymorth cyntaf ar Dewi (Dewi needs some first aid)
- Mae eisiau mwy o arian arna i (I want more money)