1. Forum
  2. >
  3. Topic: Welsh
  4. >
  5. "Mae hi'n wyrdd."

"Mae hi'n wyrdd."

Translation:It is green.

February 28, 2016



I thought soft mutation made "gwyrdd" change to "werdd"...


No, soft mutation turns "gwerdd" into "werdd" :)

It's one of the adjectives that has separate feminine and masculine forms, so if it's right after a feminine noun, you use the feminine form gwerdd, lenited into werdd.

Modern Welsh: a Comprehensive Grammar says:

Note: even these few adjectives that do have a feminine form often revert to the masculine when separated from the noun by other words, particularly yn. Compare:

Stori °fer a short story
but: Roedd y stori’n °fyr iawn the story was very short

All the same, °fer would be acceptable here as well.

("°" indicates lenition)

So this seems to be what happened here -- after the yn, the default/masculine form gwyrdd was used even though the subject is hi.

And the lenition occurs due to yn before a noun or adjective, rather than because the subject is feminine -- I believe that "he is green" would be Mae o'n wyrdd/Mae e'n wyrdd, also with lenition.

Learn Welsh in just 5 minutes a day. For free.