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  5. "Dych chi wedi blino?"

"Dych chi wedi blino?"

Translation:Are you tired?

February 29, 2016



Which word in this sentence means what?


Which word in this sentence means what?

Translated word for word, you have

  • dych "are"
  • chi "you" (several people, or one person you're speaking to politely)
  • wedi "after"
  • blino "tiring"

Where English expresses the perfect with "have" (e.g. I have written a book) on the metaphor of possession, Welsh instead talks about being after the action (e.g. dw i wedi ysgrifennu llyfr, literally "am I after writing book").

So they don't say "I have become tired" using a word that means "have", but rather using a word that means "after" -- "I am after becoming-tired", dw i wedi blino.

English usually expresses tiredness with an adjective rather than a verb (we don't say "I have tired" but "I am tired"), so it may be helpful to think of wedi blino as a single expression or unit meaning "tired".


Sooo helpful, thank you for the in depth!! Furiously scribbles notes


Very interesting thank you


This makes me wonder if I might be a little further along in grokking the original text of "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" if I make it through this course. Welsh seems to have an interesting worldview.


Is the di in wedi a hard or a soft di? As in, is it sounded "the" or "Di (as in Didi from Dexter's Laboratory)"?


d has only one sound in Welsh, the same as the d in English do, dead, deed etc.

See the videos that we recommend in the course notes - look on the web for 'youtube welshplus pronunciation basics'.


Why not ''dych chi'n" wedi blino? Is it because of the W?


Why not ''dych chi'n" wedi blino? Is it because of the W?

wedi fits into the same grammatical "slot" as yn -- if you have one, you can't have the other.


Is there a context in which blino can be used without wedi? I know blinedig is used without wedi, is there a subtlety that is lost in translation?


In this context, blino is a verb-noun meaning 'tiring', as in 'to tire', 'getting tired':

  • Dw i'n blino. - I am getting tired.

The 'n/yn tells us that the action is continuing, incomplete.

Using wedi instead of yn marks the action as finished, complete - the action of 'getting tired' is over and I am now actually 'tired'.

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