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"il" is an impersonal pronoun, "y" is a pronoun that represents the place, and "a" is the third person singular of verb "avoir": the whole phrase means "there is".
Right. "il" is used in impersonal expressions that do not have a specific subject.
- "il y a" means "there is".
The impersonal "il" is also frequently used to talk about the weather:
"il neige" means "it is snowing".
"il fait chaud" means "it is warm".
It's an adverbial pronoun, along with "en". http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/pron_adverbial.htm
No, in this phrase, "il" is an impersonal pronoun and cannot replaced by the feminine "elle".
what about in another sentence such as 'elle y a de crepe' where the object is feminine
No, "il y a" never changes.
FYI, the impersonal pronoun "il" is also used in expressions such as "il neige" (it is snowing), and does not agree with the gender of the following name (in this example "neige" is feminine).
'Il y a" is the only option I believe. In your example, 'neige' is not a noun, but the third person singular of the verb, 'neiger'.
Yes, "il y a" is the only option. I just wanted to insist on the fact that "il" (impersonal) cannot be replaced by the feminine pronoun "elle": you have to say "il y a de la neige" or "il neige" (not "elle y a de la neige" and "elle neige").
"il y a" is informative. For example: "Il y a un chat dans la maison" means "There is a cat in the house".
"Voilà" is used to announce something that is just happening, for example: "Voilà un chat qui entre dans la maison" means "(And now) there is a cat entering the house", or when you give something to someone: "Voilà ton livre !" means "Here is your book!".
In French, you always need an article before the noun.
"du" is an article (contraction of "de"+"le"): it means "some".
Anybody mind explaining why "There are rice" isn't correct sentence? Thanks in advance.
She says "il y a du lait", not "il y a du riz"! Or, at least, that's what I understood.