Fun fact for those who also study German: Kształt is of germanic origin, closely related to German Gestalt/G'stalt (shape, form, appearance)
I did a bit of a double-take when I heard it! The only other German-origin words that have leaped out at me so far are "wiele", "Kelner", and "Dach". I'd need a thesaurus to go over how many words I've heard of Italian origin! It's also fascinating that, in almost every spot where Polish uses those loanwords, Russian uses loanwords from Greek or German instead.
that Italian will be Latin :-) And it totaly makes sense that the Polish has words from Latin and the Russian from Greek since Poles belong to Europe (catholic) while Russians are pravoslavs.
Certainly there are more words with a German etymology. Off the top of my head: gwynt (Gewinde), rachunek (Rechnung), ratunek (Rettung), ładunek (Ladung).
– Sorry: Gwint, not gwynt, as guliwer pointed out.
And: Ratunek can be helpful in the accusative ratunku: Help!
The German Wikipedia about the Polish language points out that there are more than 180 loanwords that have a Germanic origin, i.a. blacha, cukier, burmistrz, cytryna, fałsz, farba, gruby, hala, obcas, ofiara, plac, regał, rycerz, rynek,szpital, smak, wart, cel, and many more.
"Gwint" is correct, word "gwynt" does not exist in Polish. And yes, there's a lot more words with a German etymology.... Nothing surprising here - in the end we are neighbours since the time our countries was formed ;)
Also kartofle, ratusz, szlafrok and many others.
As far as the differences from russian are concerned, I guess that it's due to religion, probably. The service language in orthodox Slavic countries was (and still is somewhere) old church slavonic, which was "invented" by greek monks, while catholics obviously used Latin.
Someone showed you some shape, asked what kind of shape it is, and you don't know it. So now there are two people that don't know it.
Well, it could be translated differently into Polish, but the sentence here is probably the most natural translation. So added.