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  5. "Dziś jestem smutny."

"Dziś jestem smutny."

Translation:Today I am sad.

March 4, 2016



Story of my life


Shouldn't this be "smutnego" instead of "smutny"?


not if adjective is alone, without noun.

be adjective always translates to być+ adjective in nominative, no "to", no "instrumental"

also if anything I am sad man would be "jestem smutnym mężczyzną", smutnego is masc/neuter genitive, masc animated accusative.


Dziś jestem cieszę.


Dziś jestem wesoły/radosny

"cieszyć się" is a verb. And for some reason "Dziś się cieszę", sounds weird.


Thank you for the info! :)


Is "sad" the only meaning? How about confused?


That works, but "Today I am sad" gives exactly the same contrast as the Polish sentence: I may be happy usually, but today I am sad.


But "Today I am sad" isn't proper English :) If you break the SVOMPT rule there must be a comma "Today, I'm sad" but it's better not to break the rule.* There are similar cases in the German course. However they allow to use to proper English word order instead of the German word order.

  • The easiest way to piss of my former neurotic English teacher (British native speaker) was to break the SVOMPT rule :) Believe me, I had really hard time to internalize this rule as it feels quite unnatural to me.


I put "Today is sad" and it said it was correct, should this answer be removed? I realised after putting this answer that I was wrong :^)


„Nie jesteś smutna”

Does it sound like You're not sad, or does it sound like Don't be sad?

How do I say the other meaning?


Nie jesteś smutna. - You aren't sad (said to a woman).

Nie smuć się. - Don't be sad.


Gloomy is given as an option but was marked wrong.


We removed "gloomy" from the hints. I get that the meaning is similar here, but "smutny" is such a basic word and "gloomy" isn't. I'd say it's more like "ponury".

P.S. This hint is relatively similar, but in general the hints are not created for a specific course, so it is possible that the 2nd and 3rd hints won't work at all for the given sentence. They may easily have a meaning which doesn't suit the context at all.

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