Some and Any
I know the basic difference between " Some " and " Any ", but.. Are there any exceptions? For example: is correct to say:
" Is there some milk on the table? "
" Is there any milk on the table? "
The first sounds better to me but i'm not sure that it's correct, can you give me any advices and examples? Thanks a lot.
Actually the second one sounds better. But the first one is not necessarily wrong. You could also say "Is there milk on the table?". I'll give you some examples:
Here's some milk. (Here's = Here is)
Can I have some milk?
Is there any milk?
I bought some milk.
I'd like some milk. (I'd = I would)
You can't have any milk!
I'm putting some milk on my cereal.
There won't be any milk left!
I think where you said "basilar", you mean "basic".
In general in this context "any" is a quantity greater than nothing, . Whereas "some" is a small quantity. Another sense of the word "any" [qualsiasi] is to convey choice, "You can pick any candy to eat." (You can eat a candy of your choice), or "Any road will take you north." (in the most southern place). In the examples I give, if you exchange an existing "some" for "any" you will get this second meaning of "any". If you swap an "any" for "some" then we are talking specifically about a small quantity rather than an indeterminate amount.
In the sentence " Is there any milk on the table?", "any" holds both it's meanings of an indeterminate amount greater than nothing and [qualsiasi].
Se questo è difficile da capire allora posso scrivere in italiano.
Alle osservazioni qui riportate (tutte esatte), se mi permettete aggiungo una "nota" di chiarimento. FRASE (a) " Is there some milk on the table? " - FRASE (b) " Is there any milk on the table? " Queste frasi sono entrambe valide. La differenza sta nel contesto. La frase (a) è esatta se CHI fa la domanda o CHIEDE qualcosa [è il caso della frase in esame], si ASPETTA una RISPOSTA POSITIVA. Riporto questo esempio: Would you like SOME coffee? → Gradiresti DEL caffè? // Scontata la risposta affermativa: Yes, I'd like SOME. → Sì, ne gradirei UN PO'