Translation:I do not allow it!
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To my ears it sounds a little unfinished without an 'it' or 'them' or something else rounding off the sentence but I'd say its still acceptable. How would the sentence change if I wanted to say 'I am not allowed' ? would it be one of the times when Poles literally say 'I have not allowed' i.e. nie mam pozwalać [though I'm pretty sure pozwalać needs declining here somehow.
It clearly refers to what has just been said in the real context. It does sound natural in Polish.
"I am not allowed" = "I have no permission" (Nie mam pozwolenia/zgody), also what would sound good here is "Nie wolno mi" ('wolno' is a defective verb, it doesn't refer to any grammatical gender).
What else... "Nie pozwalają mi" ('they' don't allow me), "Nie pozwolili/Nie pozwoliły mi" ('they' did not allow me), "Nie pozwolono mi" (I was not allowed, subjectless)... "Nie wolno mi" sounds the best to me.
None of your sentences are correct, I'm afraid. In Polish you allow 'for something' (or 'to something', or however you would say it in English). You need the preposition "na". It's "Nie pozwalam na to!".
And similarly it's "Nie na to pozwalam!", but that changes the meaning completely, because instead of negating "pozwalam", you are now negating "na to". The result is "This is not what I allow! (I allow something else)".
As this is such an unintuitive preposition rule for an english speaker, we might be better having "nie pozwalam na to!" here instead of "nie pozwalam".
So the implied preposition would also be taught here with the verb.
And it would also make it obvious why we have to put "it" at the end. Absence of which, in my opinion, should not trigger a complete fail of the exercise.
We did give your comment a thought and frankly, we're not sure what the best way here is. It's true that "Nie pozwalam na to!" would be less problematic in translation. On the other hand, "Nie pozwalam!" just feels natural, because it's obvious 'what' you won't allow anyway.
So far we decided to add a multi-word hint on "nie pozwalam" saying "I do not allow it", which will help people notice they should include "it".
What's the question? There's nothing about 'going' in the Polish sentence.
I mean, if you translated movie subtitles, I can even imagine "I don't allow you to go" being translated as just "Nie pozwalam", but then the same would happen with every verb. Plus it's Duolingo, so we rather don't accept adding a new verb to the translation ;)
Sorry for being lazy! I wanted to ask for the translation of "I don't allow you to go." The "to go" part is not important, we can replace it with "to wear a short skirt". I'm interested in knowing how "you" is translated. What would be Polish for "I don't allow you to wear a short skirt."?