I'm really enjoying learning french, and most of the time, the way the lessons are presented is fairly intuitive. However, sometimes i get things wrong because what i type is backwards to the correct answer. Actually french seems sort of backwards to me in general, but i'm starting to get how some things or people are referred to in reverse. But sometimes it wants a backward version, and am i dumb, or is there absolutely no instruction/explanation of the mechanics of this backwards phenomenon? Merde.
Yeah, I don't think they really give much for grammar lessons from what I've seen so far; I guess you're just suppose to figure it out or ask on here. So if you ask some more specific questions or give examples on here, I or others could probably help you. I can tell you that most, but not all (there are a bunch of rules), adjectives come after the noun in French unlike in English.
By "backwards", you mean that the words are arranged differently than they would be in English?
Yes, this can be difficult. No, you're not dumb, at all. I'm trying to get the hang of it, myself.
Sources outside of Duolingo help to supplement our learning, here.
I went to the library (old-fashioned of me, but I love the library) and checked out a highly-recommended book, called "The Everything Learning French Book" (it comes with CD).
I also frequent a site (that I highly recommend), called "french.about.com". Here is an example page, which talks about asking questions in French (which can sometimes be "backward"):
I'm not completely sure if this is the answer, but in French I think you can reverse the verb and pronoun to make a question.
e.g. Elle mange une pomme = She eats an apple
Mange-elle une pomme? = Is she eating an apple?
Does this look like the sort of thing you were thinking of?