Я помил что vacation=каникулы, is there some kind of difference between them?
It would be like a school break, like Spring Break for instance. "Holiday" is праздник.
i have a question to the native english-speakers : do you say MY HOLIDAYS ARE IN ... OR MY HOLIDAYS IS .... ?` i speak english since I am 16 ( i am 77 now) and I always said "my holidays are...) now DUOLINGO says it is wrong. who is right ? my mother-tongue is french. Thks for the answer,
As a native speaker of British English, I would say "my holidays are in July" is correct. In American English, "My vacation is in July" would I think be the normal term. "*My holidays is in July" is definitely wrong.
Generally, I think Americans would say vacation. "My vacation is in July" or "I'm taking a vacation in July." Holiday is usually in reference to a specific celebratory day like Christmas or Easter. "Holidays are..." would be the more correct of the two, but still unusual.
Contributing from this side of the ocean, usually we'd say "I'm taking a vacation in July," or "I have vacation time coming in July," where "time" is a reference to the limited allotment given to workers (i.e. using the second phrase implies you have a job). Shortened, informal versions like "I've got vacation in July" would also be easily understood but are not technically grammatically correct. The person whose comment I'm replying to is right, holiday refers to specific calendar days like Christmas for us rather than time off.
Отпуск is the nominative subject of the sentence. It's also separate from "У меня" (if that was tripping you up maybe?).
In the sense of time-off from work, yes (British folks would say holidays, American folk would say vacation). The actual word for Holiday (like Christmas, New Year, etc.) is праздник.
That's interesting as we also have the same World in french CANICULE which means an abnormal heat that occurs sometimes in summer and even requires specific gouvernement actions. It somehow makes sense for students being in holiday during a canicule ;-)
Is отпуск plural? It seems very singular. There is a mistake in this translation I think.
I can't attest to the accuracy of "holidays" since I'm not super familiar with non-US English. But, just because something is plural in one language doesn't mean it's going to be plural in the other, or... vice versa. Quickest example I can think of - "Relation(ship)", tends to be singular in English, but in Russian it is almost always plural (отношения). There are situations in English where it is plural and situations in Russian where it is singular, but that is the minority of time.
Could i translate "у меня отпуск в ..." as "my holidays are in ..." instead of "i have holidays in..."?