Dw i vs. Ydw i?

Hello. In school we were always taught to use "ydw i" to say "I am" but I've not seen this yet in the course.

Is ydw i not typically used colloquially (is it more formal)?

March 14, 2016


Dw i means 'I am' and Ydw i is the question form Am I?

March 15, 2016

For the first person singular, Ydw i...? is a usual question form, as Adams861 says. It is also used in emphatic sentences. Dw i...? is also common in the colloquial language.

Rydw i... is commonly taught in schools, and is common in the spoken language as well, as a positive statement. Dw i... is also commonly used.

  • (Ry)dw i'n mynd allan - I am going out
  • (Y)dw i'n mynd allan? - Am I going out?
  • (Dy)dw i ddim yn mynd allan - I am not going out

In emphatic sentences:

  • Cyfrifydd (y)dw i - I am an accountant
  • Dewi (y)dw i - I am Dewi

Dw i... is the usual form taught for all four purposes in 'Welsh for Adults' based courses - it is widely used and understood all over Wales (and it is nice and simple!). There are a number of additional variations in the various Welsh dialects and in more formal usage.

March 15, 2016

Thank you both. Either I was a very bad student in school or my teacher was awful, I always remember being taught for example "Mr Lingo ydw i" which it seems would be incorrect.

March 15, 2016

Sorry, that is quite right for an emphatic sentence like that. I have edited my earlier reply to include it. A lingot for a long memory!

March 16, 2016
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