"I have an apple."

Translation:Ich habe einen Apfel.

January 20, 2013



I don't understand the deference between "eine" and "einen"

May 3, 2013


I guess the reason is "ein Apfel" (Masculine) in Accusative changes on "einen Apfel". For Feminine, Neuter and Plural there is no change in Accusative. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_declension#Indefinite_articles

May 24, 2014


See this video for more info: https://youtu.be/FuXxNSj_y5w

April 16, 2018



January 25, 2018


Eine is (a) feminine Einen is (an)

August 23, 2014


"Eine"is one(1) "Einen"is an ex;an apple

July 12, 2014


Eine is a definite article in nominative case for masculine words and Einen is in accusative case for the same.

May 14, 2013


No. "Eine" is nominative and accusative FEMININE. "Ein" is nominative masculine.

August 23, 2013


Please explain what nominative and accusative MEAN!

October 15, 2013


These are cases. In English, we have three distinct cases, and they only apply to pronouns.

  • Subjective (nominative) is for the subject: "He ran"
  • Objective (accusative) is for the object: "I slapped him"
  • Possessive (genitive) shows possession: "That's his cat."

German's a bit different. Firstly, articles (a/the) can also change case. Secondly, there's a fourth case, dative, that is part of our objective case. Dative is used for indirect objects. For instance, "He is giving him a dollar."

Getting the case right is extremely important, because German word order can be ambiguous. It's not like English, where word order often indicates case.

  • Der Hund beißt den Mann. The dog bites the man.
  • Den Mann beißt der Hund. The dog bites the man.


October 15, 2013


Those both mean the same thing? In english I want to literally translate the second example to "the man bites the dog. "

This stuff is giving me a lot of trouble.

February 7, 2016


Oh! So, for the last example...because it is 'Den Mann', and 'Der Hund', the order of the two around the verb can be switched?

August 17, 2018


But how do i know when is DATIV or AKKUSATIV?

May 23, 2013


Accusative is for the direct object. ==> The policeman gave him a ticket.

Dative is for the indirect object. ==> The policeman gave him a ticket.

The indirect object is usually the thing that receives the direct object. ==> I gave the football to the quarterback.


October 15, 2013


Ok, so in this sentance we use both accusative and dativ forms. At beginning I thought you show us two different examples...

So I see it this way: accusative is a question of what?, and dativ is a question of e.g. to whom?.

Then we have: what? - a ticket to whom? - (to) him

July 10, 2014


Ok now i know what is akusativ and what is dative, so when should i use einen or den?

February 15, 2015


why is it einen not ein ?

February 24, 2014


read the other comments

February 24, 2014


Nominativ is a sentence that have one subject, Akkusativ is a sentence that have two subjects. E.g. Ich (1st subject) habe .... Apfel (2nd subject) it means it's akk that's why we use EINEN

June 26, 2014


a sentence can't have two subjects

December 12, 2018


What's the defernce between ein and einen?

April 1, 2014


Has anyone figured out how you're supposed to tell the difference?

February 8, 2014


How can we find is it ein or einen

May 31, 2014


I have a pen

February 25, 2017


I have a apple

November 15, 2017


What's the difference between "ein" and "einen" both are masculine but when do we use each one?

June 11, 2014


Difference between habe and habt?

February 17, 2018


When we use 'habe' and when 'hast'?

July 9, 2018


I started making a list of the Conjunctives to help me along, something I noticed is that each word ended in the same letter for LESEN, HABEN, TRINKEN, ESSEN. so for instance:

Wir and Sie ends in -EN

Du ends in -ST

er/sie/es/ihr all end in -T

ich end with an -E

I highly doubt all of the action words will follow this pattern for accusative but none the less this observation at the very least makes it easier to remember these words and I am sure others together if you remember the basic spelling of the word


LESEN (to read)

ich (I) LESE

du (you, singular) LIEST

er/sie/es (he/she/it) LIEST

wir (we) LESEN

ihr (you, plural) LEST

sie (they) LESEN


HABEN (to have)

ich (I) HABE

du (you, singular) HAST

er/sie/es (he/she/it) HAT

wir (we) HABEN

ihr (you, plural) HABT

sie (they) HABEN


TRINKEN (to drink)

ich (I) TRINKE

du (you, singular) TRINKST

er/sie/es (he/she/it) TRINKT

wir (we)TRINKEN

ihr (you, plural) TRINKT

sie (they) TRINKEN


Essen (to eat)

ich (I) ESSE

di (you, singular) ISST

er/sie/es (he/she/it) ISST

wir (we) ESSEN

ihr (you, plural) ESST

sie (they) ESSEN

July 9, 2018


I hope you don't mind but, even with the fact that there are going to be exceptions and such... this should be very useful.

(I'm saving it onto a word document for future reference.)

November 14, 2018


Tnx very helpfull!

February 25, 2019


Like when you want to say 'Ich habe and' Du hast', I have, You have

March 30, 2019


i think am confused. when am i to use hast, haben and habt

January 28, 2018


Ich habe Du hast Er, sie, es hat wir haben Ihr habt Sie haben

July 19, 2018


"einen" in the accusative is Masculine so "einen Apfel" is perfectly spelled.

For more info: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_declension#Indefinite_articles

April 16, 2018


I can't figure out when hast, habe, haben, or habt are used. I realize they all mean have, I just can't grasp when one is used over the other.

June 10, 2018


What is the difference of Hast , habe , haben

October 1, 2018


How to know when to use ein or eine

January 22, 2019


I can't distinguish between ein and einen, please help!

January 24, 2019


I answered this with 'habe' 'haben' and 'habt' and was marked incorrect for all three

February 7, 2019


What is the difference between habe and haben?

July 8, 2019


Why do I have to include the "Ich"? Wouldn't the conjugated "habe" already provide enough context for listeners/readers to know that I am talking about myself?

July 19, 2014


Why is it einen?

August 18, 2014


So with the verb to be (bin), in this sentence Apfel would not have been accusative. In English, Have is a similar linking verb, but in German Apfel is accusative - is that right?

June 30, 2013


To be doesn't take the accusative, think of them as equals. The cat is an animal - they're equals, and there is no accusative case involved.

With other verbs, when the object is receiving the verb it becomes the accusative case when it's the direct object... so yes, the Apfel is receiving the verb, which is not to be, and it's masculine, so it changes from ein to einen.

January 2, 2014


Thank you.

January 17, 2014


I don`t perceive word ein Apfel as it was Accusative (I feel it here as Nominative) in this sentence with the verb "to have". There is the problem I guess. "Ich esse einen Apfel" I would catch better...

January 25, 2014


I have the same problem. I can't see "have" as accusative.

April 8, 2014


A noun that TAKES the verb is accusative. In this sentence Apfel takes haben, and is therefore it is einen Apfel. If you were to say "The apple has me." THEN you would use ein Apfel.

July 12, 2014


What's the difference between hab and habe

June 6, 2014


I'm kinda confused as to when to use the different haves like habt and habe can someone explain please?

October 20, 2014


could someone please write this out phonetically? thanks!

April 12, 2016


Will u pls distinguish NOMINATIVE and ACCUSATIVE??????

July 9, 2013


Nominativ ist der Apfel oder ein Apfel,Akkusativ ist einen oder den Apfel

July 9, 2013


Why not ein?How does it become einen?

July 6, 2014



May 7, 2017


…und einen Bleistift.

September 30, 2017


Ihr is I, too, right? Or is it you? Please help!

June 20, 2013


Ihr is you.

June 22, 2013


Ihr is used for plural only as far as I have picked up.Am I right?

October 30, 2013


You're correct. Ihr translated into English is "you all".

March 6, 2014


You are right for personal pronouns. But it can be used for a possessive pronoun as well. Than it means "her" as in

Ihr Mann trinkt --> Her husband drinks.

But that will be introduced in later lessons I guess.

March 21, 2014


Ja. Sie can be formal singular and plural too.

January 2, 2014


WTF is does "accusative" and "nominative" mean.... not all of us are grammar-philes. Nothing is the thread is useful.... Please explain with English corollaries.

October 15, 2013


Did you read the tips section of "Basics 2" here: http://www.duolingo.com/skill/de/Basics-2 ? This site does a pretty good job in explaining it further: http://www.deutschseite.de/grammatik/faelle/faelle.html

October 22, 2013


if it is ''I have an apple'' it must be ''Ich habe den Apfel'',not einen Apfel,who is stupid here?!

June 5, 2013


"den Apfel" is THE apple.

June 30, 2013


yes,but not ''einen''

July 1, 2013


If you say "I have an apple" it's indefinite; you are not referring to a specific apple. If, on the other hand, you're talking about a specific apple - like, say, someone was looking one that they lost and you found it - you would say "I have the apple." That's definite - you're talking about a very specific thing.

That's why you say "einen" and not "den" here, because it's indefinite.

And yeah, for apples, this is kinda silly, but think about something where it does matter like, say... keys.

July 1, 2013


Yes,I got it...But explain this:I translated :I have an apple- Ich habe den Apfel,it was wrong ,because they wanted me to write einen...

July 1, 2013


That's because it is wrong. There's a difference between "an" and "the".

October 15, 2013


When we learn how to say heil hitler?

November 15, 2017
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