https://www.duolingo.com/JackyDW

Converting infinitives to conjugated verbs?

JackyDW
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I was wondering if there's a regular method for converting between -mAk infinitives and conjugated forms of verbs? Like in okumak-okurum, does that "r" in the conjugated form serve as a buffer consanant between the stem and the suffix, or do I have to add it before the suffix on all verbs?

2 years ago

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/orde90
orde90
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Yes the conjugation is nearly always regular. When you conjugate a verb you have this structure

Root + Tense ending + Personal ending

So in okurum oku is the root, r is the tense ending and um is the personal ending.

Buffer sounds may exist within any kind of endings. Endings may require buffer sounds when they go after a consonant or a vowel. We usually show the buffer sound inside parenthesis. For example the simple present tense ending is -(I)r or -(A)r. The sounds inside the parenthesis are buffer sounds and they are only used when the root has a consonant at its end for this tense. I and A correspond to the vowels you produce according to the 4-way vowel harmony and the 2-way vowel harmony respectively.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/JackyDW
JackyDW
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Ah! Okay! Now everything makes perfect sense. Thanks so much!

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
AlexinNotTurkey
Mod
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It is used for the aorist tense (which is used for the simple present and a few other tenses in English) :) Other tenses do not use this suffix.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mkarabiy

-r is for the simple present tense. -m is for I. oku-r-um. u is auxiliary. bold ones are auxiliary or k to ğ change.

oku-r-um = I read

oku-yor-um = I am reading

oku-y-acağ-ım = I will read

oku-du-m = I read (past)

oku-muş-um = I read (past)

oku-muş-tu-m = I had read

oku-y-acak-tı-m = I was going to read

oku-y-acak-mış-ım = ? (I was told that) I am going to read

Have I missed any tense?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Sincaxi

oku-yor-du-m = I was going to read

oku-r-du-m = I used to read

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/cymanteg
cymanteg
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oku-yor-du-m means "I was reading", not "I was going to read".

1 year ago
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