Converting infinitives to conjugated verbs?
I was wondering if there's a regular method for converting between -mAk infinitives and conjugated forms of verbs? Like in okumak-okurum, does that "r" in the conjugated form serve as a buffer consanant between the stem and the suffix, or do I have to add it before the suffix on all verbs?
Yes the conjugation is nearly always regular. When you conjugate a verb you have this structure
Root + Tense ending + Personal ending
So in okurum oku is the root, r is the tense ending and um is the personal ending.
Buffer sounds may exist within any kind of endings. Endings may require buffer sounds when they go after a consonant or a vowel. We usually show the buffer sound inside parenthesis. For example the simple present tense ending is -(I)r or -(A)r. The sounds inside the parenthesis are buffer sounds and they are only used when the root has a consonant at its end for this tense. I and A correspond to the vowels you produce according to the 4-way vowel harmony and the 2-way vowel harmony respectively.
It is used for the aorist tense (which is used for the simple present and a few other tenses in English) :) Other tenses do not use this suffix.
-r is for the simple present tense. -m is for I. oku-r-um. u is auxiliary. bold ones are auxiliary or k to ğ change.
oku-r-um = I read
oku-yor-um = I am reading
oku-y-acağ-ım = I will read
oku-du-m = I read (past)
oku-muş-um = I read (past)
oku-muş-tu-m = I had read
oku-y-acak-tı-m = I was going to read
oku-y-acak-mış-ım = ? (I was told that) I am going to read
Have I missed any tense?