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Questions in Dutch???????

When I was learning my recent lesson on clothing, I came across a sentence I had to translate, "Heeft ze een klompen?" and I wondered why wouldn't it just be "Ze heeft een klopen?"? I saw this with other sentences too in my lessons. Can someone explain why and how to remember it?

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2 years ago

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https://www.duolingo.com/El2theK
El2theK
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The normal way to formulate a question in Dutch is to inverse the verb and the subject hence:

  • Heeft ze een klomp? (singular clog) or - Heeft ze klompen? (plural clogs)

Technically you can formulate it like Ze heeft een klomp? but that would only be used when there is an element of "surprise/uncertainty". Hence, one should stick to the inversion.

Also note that with a subject-verb inversion and je/jij being the subject, the verb loses the -t, so.

  • Jij hebt - Heb jij?
  • Jij bent - Ben jij?
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Reply2 years ago

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Thank you, also I'm somewhat confused with the plural form of verbs with the pronoun. Ik spreek, Wij spreken, and Zij spreekt. I get the pronoun difference but, why these many types of verbs forms?

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Reply2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/El2theK
El2theK
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I assume English is your native language. I cannot answer your question of why, but it is fairly normal and in that regard there are not that many different options in Dutch e.g. English - Dutch - German - French

  • I speak - Ik spreek - Ich spreche - Je parle
  • You speak (singular) - Jij spreekt - Du sprichst - Tu parles
  • He speaks - Hij spreekt - Er spricht - Il parle
  • We speak - Wij spreken - Wir sprechen - Nous parlons
  • You speak plural - Jullie spreken - Ihr sprecht - Vous parlez
  • They speak - Zij spreken - Sie sprechen - Ils parlent
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Reply12 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tzz1326

Why do verbs come before the noun? ex: loopt je?

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Reply2 years ago