Help with some study tactics?
I am learning Portuguese here on DL and while I take part in the lessons I feel like I know most of the words going through the lesson, though I may have to peak at a word on occasion. The problem is, sometimes I try to just speak to myself and say a few sentences but I find myself having a hard time recalling words, yet I've learned over 500 words so far with my lessons. So do any of you guys have good tactics or study plans that help you to recall words without looking at them on a screen?
Talk to people. If you don't know anybody who speaks Portuguese, teach somebody. They might not retain it if they're not invested in learning the language, but teaching it will help you to retain it.
Another thing is to associate physical actions with the words you're having difficulty with. Make a sandwich while repeating the Portuguese word for "sandwich." Go for a jog while repeating the Portuguese word for "run." It'll be a little more difficult to do that when you get to the abstract objects section, but be creative.
Practice doing just that. You can work out all the individual muscles that are needed to run, but until you start sprinting, you're not going to get much faster. Likewise, I realized that, as great as Duolingo is at teaching a language, we're mostly learning how to translate written words and listen to sentences but not so much on how to string together complex sentences.
Learning Portuguese via different resources will help, but the best route to take would be to practice what you want to be be proficient in. Write some sentences down in English on a piece of paper and then try to recite it out loud in Portuguese. You can also try to mentally translate everything you read and hear throughout the day in Portuguese as well.
Additionally, Lang-8.com is a website where you can write out sentences, paragraphs, short stories, etc. and have a native grade it (doesn't mean that they are correct though), but in return you're asked to grade the work of others that are learning your native language.
Start talking to yourself. In the shower, walking down the street, in the car. Have pretend conversations in different scenarios. Talking to someone in the shop about an item, talking to a friend about your day or plans for the summer, flirting with a girl or guy, applying for a job, giving directions, etc.
Obviously talking to someone else is even better!
Practice. You need to spend a lot of time speaking before it will feel natural to speak and you don't have trouble recalling to words./