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https://www.duolingo.com/Dikkedar

Difference between "tio" and "tiu"

Dikkedar
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I have tried looking it up, but I didn't come across a clear explanation as to what the difference is between tio and tiu. Can anyone help?

2 years ago

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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For sure check out Granda Urso's link - but even the short answers there are kind of long. Here's my short answer.

Tio - ends in O which reminds us of nouns. It generally denotes a thing. It answers the question "kio" (what). It generally stands alone. (Tio estas mia - that is mine.)

Tiu - answers the question "kiu" (which). It always has a noun after it - expressed or implied. Kiu [pomo] estas via pomo? Which [apple] is your apple. Often the implied noun is "homo" - Tiu estas mia amiko" That [person] is my friend.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII
BastouXII
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So, tio is a demonstrative pronoun and tiu is a demonstrative adjective?

Or tio is "that" and tiu is "that one"?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BasCostBudde
BasCostBudde
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I'm inclined to say: both are ways to see it. 'tio' really is 'that thing'. 'tiu' can be 'that one' and 'that person'

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII
BastouXII
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I guess tiu could be "that one person" also, then?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BasCostBudde
BasCostBudde
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Yes. Make an example. Mia frato estas tiu kiun vi vidas tie. Tiu dekstra de la du.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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If you know what demonstrative adjectives and pronouns are then yes. That's an even shorter one. The trouble with "that" and "that one" is that they mean different things to different people. Sometimes that explanation helps. Other times it does not. If it helps you, use it.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII
BastouXII
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Well, English is much more confusing about the distinction between pronouns and adjectives because they are the same word, used differently. Many languages use different words for those, including my native one : French.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/mizinamo
mizinamo
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Yes. If you equate tio = cela and tiu = celui-là, I think you won't go wrong.

(And, of course, tiu xxx-o = ce xxx-là.)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/varigby
varigby
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I have trouble with this too. As I remember, "tiu" is used to emphasize "that particular one". I guess, it's a bit like the English: "That one, there!"

conorjh, in the link below, points out the link between kiu/tiu and kio/tio; tiu answers the question "which" and tio answers the question "what".

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GrandaUrso

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/12607261 I had this question too, they really helped me out.

2 years ago