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  5. "My mother likes the teacher."

"My mother likes the teacher."

Translation:Meine Mutter mag die Lehrerin.

January 20, 2013



.. Any difference between Lehrer and Lehrerin... got wrong for writing "Lehrer" instead of "Lehrerin" when they asked for "the teacher"??


"Lehrer" is a male teacher, so it needs the appropriate article: "der". "Lehrerin" is a female teacher, so its article would be "die".


Lehrer needs to be preceded by 'den' as it is in the accusative case. Maybe you wrote der


Isn't this an accusative case, ergo den.


Why "den" and no "dem" ?


The following may help to understand:

  • wer? ~ who? -> der
  • wen? ~ whom? -> den
  • wem? ~ to whom? - dem


  • Wer kommt? Who is coming? - Der Mann kommt.
  • Wen magst du? Whom do you like? - Ich mag den Lehrer.
  • Wem hast du es gegeben? To whom did you give it? - Ich habe zu dem Mann es gegeben. (usually uses zum, it's contraction zu + dem = zum).


Here's a chart showing the different "the" words and how case affects them:

  • --------N-------A--------D------G
  • M----der-----den-----dem---des
  • N----das-----das-----dem---des
  • F-----die-----die------der-----der
  • P-----die-----die------den----der


  • I slammed the top of the desk with my fist.
  • Ich schlug das Oberteil des Schreibtisches mit der Faust.

In this example, "I" is nominative because it is the doer of the action. "Top" would take the accusative case because it is the receiver of the action. "Desk" would take the genitive case because of the word "of", and "fist" is dative because it's in a prepositional phrase.

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