Duolingo is the most popular way to learn languages in the world. Best of all, it's 100% free!


Possessive Pronouns in Welsh

  • 23
  • 15
  • 435

In the Tips and Notes for Family1 lesson there is the following sentence:

Sometimes, the pronouns are run, but this is considered colloquial. They are:

  1. Fy ... i (my)

What does "the pronouns are run" mean? From the example, does it mean that "fy" is replaced by "i"?

2 years ago



"Run"/"Rhedeg" is the Welsh word for "conjugate". eg. "To conjugate the verb"="Rhedeg y berf".

It is considered informal to include the pronoun after the noun and even more informal to not include the possessive pronoun before it. For example: Fy mhlant = my children (formal) Fy mhlant i = my children (normal/formal) Plant (f)i = my children (very informal)

1 year ago

  • 15
  • 8
  • 3

Usually it means 'conjugated' or 'inflected' - some prepositions are inflected by person. For example, am:

  • amdana i
  • amdanat ti
  • amdano fe
  • amdani hi
  • amdanon ni
  • amdanoch chi
  • amdanyn nhw

But I do not know what Duo means by 'running' pronouns.

Edit - Having looked again at those tips and notes it looks like a mistake. The second, auxiliary pronoun which comes after the thing possessed (for example, the i in fy nghar i) is often used for emphasis.

2 years ago

  • 20
  • 10
  • 9
  • 9
  • 6
  • 6
  • 6
  • 3
  • 2

The non-colloquial form for "my jeans" would be "fy jîns" whereas often people willl say "fy jîns i" or, as I suppose it could be LITERALLY translated, "my jeans I". This is what they mean by a run pronoun.

2 years ago