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Possessive Pronouns in Welsh

[deactivated user]

    In the Tips and Notes for Family1 lesson there is the following sentence:

    Sometimes, the pronouns are run, but this is considered colloquial. They are:

    1. Fy ... i (my)

    What does "the pronouns are run" mean? From the example, does it mean that "fy" is replaced by "i"?

    March 21, 2016



    Usually it means 'conjugated' or 'inflected' - some prepositions are inflected by person. For example, am:

    • amdana i
    • amdanat ti
    • amdano fe
    • amdani hi
    • amdanon ni
    • amdanoch chi
    • amdanyn nhw

    But I do not know what Duo means by 'running' pronouns.

    Edit - Having looked again at those tips and notes it looks like a mistake. The second, auxiliary pronoun which comes after the thing possessed (for example, the i in fy nghar i) is often used for emphasis.


    The non-colloquial form for "my jeans" would be "fy jîns" whereas often people willl say "fy jîns i" or, as I suppose it could be LITERALLY translated, "my jeans I". This is what they mean by a run pronoun.


    "Run"/"Rhedeg" is the Welsh word for "conjugate". eg. "To conjugate the verb"="Rhedeg y berf".

    It is considered informal to include the pronoun after the noun and even more informal to not include the possessive pronoun before it. For example: Fy mhlant = my children (formal) Fy mhlant i = my children (normal/formal) Plant (f)i = my children (very informal)

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