German, ordinal numbers
Hello dear German learners,
A friend of mine asked me about ordinal numbers in German, I thought to share it here, too.
Well, the crucial number is 20. Before 20, you add -te to the ordinary cardinal number; and after (and including) 20, you have to add -ste. And don't forget that they take adjective endings:
Today is the twenty first of March. = heute ist der einundzwanzigste März.
Now you are already drinking your fifth whisky = jetzt trinkst du schon den fünften Whisky.
Finally, be aware of the following three exceptions:
first = erste (eins = one)
third = dritte (drei = three)
siebte = seventh (sieben = seven)
The apartment is on the seventh floor = die Wohnung ist im siebten Stock.
I hope that was useful.
"der einundzwanzigste März" you accidentally mixed an "s" in there. Good explanation though.
Yes, I see he corrected it. Prior to my post "einsundzwanzigste" was written. What is wrong. I should have phrased my sentence different to do not confuse readers after heschmat corrected himself.
"zu siebt" = in a group of seven people, "der siebente" = the seventh person, or ball, or Wagen, a.s.o. also, "die siebente" (f.) Frau, Person that is how I learned it. Perhaps it has changed since then???
"siebente" is kind of old school. It is used in many poems, and you can use it if "siebte" is too short for the kind of emphasize you want to put in the word. But normally "siebt..." is the form to use.
thanks person243 for the clarification :-)
I also edited my typo, as you mentioned. Sadly, I couldn't reply sooner.
alles Gute, Heschmat
Many thanks! I am kind of old school and it is good to keep up the pace.