Why is it so complicated?
I just wanted to post the fact that I am going to poland in a couple months. I am trying to learn polish but it is not easy at all. I wonder how polish people know how to write their language having so many ways to spell a word.
There are many things that are difficult in Polish. Writing is not one of them. There is a reason why in Polish when you ask a person how to write something they would answer with single: "ż with a dot" / "er zed" "ch" /"alone h"; "casual u/ ó with a dash".
But you are probably only beginning. You have to get used to our sounds and our way of spelling. there might be sounds that are very different to Poles but very similar to you. The rules of grammar are new so the grammar based spelling rules that children learn are not going to help you.
I wonder how polish people know how to write their language having so many ways to spell a word.
you somehow learned how to write in English where spelling/pronounciation makes no sense.
In Polish there are sounds that may be written in two ways, but most of the time it is logical , and usually there is only one way to pronounce it.
Of course you will need much time and motivation to learn Polish, but do not get scared and ask if you need any help. this place is full of people who want to.
I guess I learned how to write and speak English at one point but it just makes sense after a while. I do not know if it is the same in polish. Anyways, I just wanted to know if in two months I will get somehow "polished" to say some things. I need to get a dictionary.
Polish indeed is very hard, mainly for the reason that it's very different from English.
Any two or three year old will learn whatever language is spoken to them, so in this regard, no language is harder than any other.
Polish is definitely a beautiful language, and I promise you, it will pay off in the end. Stay motivated and try to learn as much as you can.
Take a look at Benny Lewis' post on the Polish language on why it's not as hard as you think. http://www.fluentin3months.com/polish/
Though it's true that "in this regard, no language is harder than any other", it's only true for the spoken language. Some languages are harder to write than others (French or English for example) even for native speakers.
The spelling of Polish seems strange at first but is not very complicated when you understand it. When you see a written word and you know the rules, you know how to pronounce it (as far as I know there are no exceptions). Unfortunately, the opposite is not true (knowing how to write when you know the pronunciation).
Pay attention that some sounds that may seem the same for us are very different sounds for Polish people (sz and ś for example, or cz and ć or ż and ź).
It's easy for us Poles, but the rules that are easy to native speakers can be hard for learners,
Maybe this site will be helpful for you: http://mowicpopolsku.com/polish-alphabet-pronunciation/
I find it difficult mostly because the vocabulary comes mostly from slavic languages so that we have a huge number of new words to learn and memorize. Western Europe languages share a lot of common words with latin or greek origin. This makes learning these languages faster as you get a lot of vocabulary for free.
In Polish, I have to learn and memorize almost every single word. Besides this, many of these words are difficult to pronounce with many consonants linked together. Remembering something you have a hard time to pronounce is difficult, even more when it doesn't look like word like the ones your brain is used to deal with.