"Do you like red?"
Not really. While I can't right now recall an animal that I would describe as "czerwony", I think there are some things that are "animated" and "red" in Polish language. (but squirrel's fur and human hair is not "czerwony" it's "rudy").
EDIT: some flowers are masculine, and many of those are grammatically animated. So you can like "czerwonego tulipana" (red tulip)
It could be correct, if there is an implied subject, which is plural:
- "Nie lubię żółtych butów..." -- "A lubisz czerwone?" [ I do not like the yellow shoes... -- And do you like the red ones?]
- "Chciałabym kupić ładne róże do mojego ogrodu" -- "Lubisz czerwone?" [I would like to buy nice roses for my garden. -- Do you like the red ones?]