https://www.duolingo.com/MeteUlku

Turkish: Dative Form

MeteUlku
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Hey,

In Turkish, it is called as "Yönelme Durumu/İsmin "-e" hali". As in the Turkish called, there are only "-e" and "-a" suffixes on this subject in Turkish. Did it relieve you, didn't it? :)

  • We must look at the last vowel of a word:

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  1. If it is: "a, o, ı, u", the suffix will be "-a".
  2. If it is "e, ö, i, ü", the suffix will be "-e".

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  1. Kitap (book) + ("p" turns into "b" because of consonant mutation) b + (the last vowel is "a" and the suffix must be "-a") a = kitaba
  2. Ağaç (tree) + ("ç" turns into "c") c + (the last vowel is "a" and the suffix must be "-a") a = ağaca

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  • If a word ends with a vowel, we must add "y" before dative suffixes:

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  1. Kapı (door) + (it ends with a vowel, we must add "y") y + (the last vowel is "ı") a = kapıya
  2. Sandalye (chair) + (it ends with a vowel) y + (the last vowel is "e") e = sandalyeye

-


And, accusative form is here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7738396

Best regards.

2 years ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/jzlcdh
jzlcdh
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For someone like me who has never studied linguistics or Latin I think "Yönelme Durumu" is much more understandable than "dative" as it says something about the usage. Is there any chance the Turkish grammatical terms could be added to the Duolingo grammar ref?

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/zubiz
zubiz
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Funnily enough, most Turks who studied some grammar in primary school know this as "ismin -e hali". I think I'm seeing "yönelme durumu" for the first time in my life.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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....and the Turkish Grammar Portal is here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7738932 which still doesn't include the alphabet pronunciation which is here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/7702767

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Selcen_Ozturk
Selcen_Ozturk
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we have tips and notes for almost every grammar skill. We just didn't copy paste all of these to the forums. You can easily read the relevant things under skills for example https://www.duolingo.com/skill/tr/Dative

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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Yes, but it is easier for phone users to use the Turkish Grammar Portal where you have a list of many things together. Please do add all the tips and notes to a central page like that. Even though I have the tips and notes on the computer, I may be on a different skill and want to check back on grammar of something previous and I will open another window to review the issue that I need. I became spoiled with the Dutch Grammar Overview and each page that is linked to also provides a link back to the overview again. I use my browser on the phone all the time.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlexinNotTurkey
AlexinNotTurkey
Mod
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I guess the issue is that this takes a lot of time on our part and it is a gradual work in progress. :) I am crazy busy at work these days, but maybe someday soon I will be able to find some time :)

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
tu.8zPhLD72zzoZN
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You are all doing a wonderful job. Don't worry about how long it takes you. Know that I just want to encourage you to make the course as useful and easy to access as possible.

2 years ago

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