"It is her dog."
Translation:È il suo cane.
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There are a few tricks, like recognizing that nouns ending in "o" are almost always masculine and those ending in "a" are almost always feminine, but ultimately you have to memorize things. One tip, however: Instead of just remembering that cane means dog, try memorizing that il cane (and not la cane!) means "the dog". After a while, your brain will automatically associate the word cane with masculine articles, pronouns and adjectives.
Yes, but that has nothing to do with the sex of the owner. There is one dog, either male or of unspecified sex (which defaults to the masculine word cane), belonging to a person who might be male or female.
Also, you posted two identical messages. Please delete one (or maybe both) of them.