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Swedish is pretty crazy, but in a good way!

I am kinda confused with the 4 ways to identify genders. Any help?

2 years ago

1 Comment


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DragonPolyglot
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There are two genders in Swedish. Words that take "en" (common) and words that take "ett" (neuter). Maybe you're thinking of the four pronouns by "four ways to identify gender"; "Hon" (she), "Han" (he), "Den" ("en" word form of "it"), and "Det" ("ett" word form of "it"). They are not used to identify gender.

Common words take "en" as an equivalent to "a(n)" (i.e, a cat, en katt) and take the suffix "-en" or "-n" to say "the (noun)" (i.e, katten, the cat). More examples: En pojke, pojken (A boy, the boy); En kvinna, kvinnan (a woman, the woman)

Neuter words take "ett" for "a(n)" (i.e, a child, ett barn) and take "-et" or "-t" to say "the (noun)" (i.e, barnet, the child) More examples: Ett äpple, äpplet (an apple, the apple)

There is no way to tell just by looking at the word by itself whether it is common or neuter. You have to memorize the nouns with the "en" or "ett" with them.

It does seem crazy, but you'll get it eventually. Also, the nice part about Swedish is that you don't have to conjugate verbs based on person. (I eat, you eat, he eats, she eats, ect is all the same conjugation; Jag äter, du äter, han äter, hon äter, ect).

Hope this helps you.

2 years ago