Translation:What do we give to the adults and to the children?
Well, first of all, we should give our thanks to Mike Fenger for the effort he made.
On the forum he directed us to, I found a succinct clarification on this issue, but it is in Italian, yet again I'll paste it here:
E o ED? LA D EUFONICA.-E' quella "d" che si mette tra due vocali per migliorare il suono (eufonica viene dal greco e significa "dal bel suono"). Si usa solo tra due vocali uguali, esempio: ad Atene, Carlo ed Enrico eccetera. Unica eccezione: ad esempio
So, regarding this information above, we can say that "d eufonica" is mostly optional, but in some cases, it is considered rather essential, for it simply provides fluency in speech. So, when we encounter two same sounds, we rather should use "d eufonica" for the sake of fluency, as in the example (yet again, not obligatory, whereas the absence of "d eufonica" even causes hardship in pronunciation):
1) "... od ostentazione..." 2) "... ad esemplificare..." 3) "... ed Enrico va via..."
And in some cases, even between unequal sounds, you can use "d eufonica" simply because they are very widespread in the daily language, and I simply think they gained their reputation due to the fact that these phrases are put more fluently and faster that way:
- ad esempio
- tu ed io
(Probably there are some more but these are all I can remember for now).
I'll try to give a more constructive answer rather than the "clutter less" piece of advice.
This thread on Word reference might help you with e fonica: http://forum.wordreference.com/showthread.php?t=254749
Penny Mannel - This is a normal sentence for students, who want to learn when to use "agli" and when to use "ai". Both are in the plural. Both mean "to the". "Agli ... because the word following begins with a vowel. "Ai" because the following word begins with a consonant. :).
If anyone would like here is a people starter sheet
that contains the words covered in this section; I find a starter sheet most helpful as I first go through the lessons ;-)
Not sure if you're a native English speaker, but this is my take (West Coast of United States English speaker): Putting "what" twice sounds wrong. Normally, we'd just say: "What do we give to the adults and the children?" That leaves out the second "to" and the second "what".