"No, I don't have a car."
Translation:Nac oes, does dim car gyda fi.
In some other sentences that begin with the contruction rhaid i fi ..., the pronoun mi is alternatively used in place of fi , as a northern variant (e.g. rhaid i mi ... ).
In this sentence I tried using gyda mi in place of gyda fi , but it did not work.
So, can mi be used only with rhaid , or am I missing something?
'Gyda fi' is an exclusively South Wales variant and 'mi' is not used there.
In North wales the pattern uses variations on 'gan' and the first person of this is 'gen i'
So for a simple sentence 'I have a car'
SW = 'Mae car gyda fi'
NW = 'Mae car gen i', although spoken Welsh in the North tends to alter the word order here to = 'Mae gen i gar'
Not here. oes is used for the existence, or not, of things.
- Oes tŷ yno? Oes, Tŷ Pentywn - Is there a house there? Yes, Tŷ Pentwyn.
- Oes cath gyda nhw? Nac oes - Do they have a cat? No, they don't. (Is there a cat with them?...)
- Oes tre fawr yn yr ardal? Oes, Aberystwyth - Is there a large town in the area? Yes, Aberystwyth.
This is explained in the Notes for this section of the course.
Does dim... means 'there is/are no...':
- Does dim car yn y garej - There is no car in the garage
- Does dim siop fara yn y pentre - There is no bread shop in the village
- Does dim cath gyda nhw - (there is no cat with them) = They do not have a cat