https://www.duolingo.com/caselthor

Formal and Informal Words in Turkish

caselthor
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I've been wondering this for a while since Turkish has vocabulary from Arabic, Farsi, and Kurdish along with others. Which words are considered more formal?

For example, in English words from Romance languages are more formal while Germanic words are the common, informal words. Example: "To enter" is more formal than "to go in."

So are Arabic and perhaps Persian words considered more formal? Maybe they're just used by more religious people. I'm not very religious, so I always say eyv and ins instead of eyvallah and insallah, which always gets a laugh out of people.

2 years ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Ektoraskan

Yes, but not all of them.

Eyvallah and inşallah are super informal. They're the very reincarnation of informality in flesh and bones.

Persian words sound more literary, like "peyderpey", "aheste" etc.

Some Arabic words are used for formality, like "Arzuhâl", "Delalet" etc, compared to their Turkish counterparts "dilekçe" and "kılavuzluk" respectively.

Some Arabic words are only used in a certain very formal/outdated fixed expressions: "Berkemal" (occurs only in: "asayiş berkemal") ; "İzale" (occurs only in: "izale-i şuyu").

Some Arabic words are specific to certain contexts. For example "Celse" and "Oturum" are exactly the same thing, (seance ; session) but the former is only ever used in law courts, whereas the latter is used for conferences.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Malik851520

I'm a native Arabic speaker and I find this interesting. What would be the formal alternative of saying both Eyvallah and inşallah?

Also for the life of me I cannot find out what Berkemal or İzale means :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/orde90
orde90
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There is not a simple answer to that and it usually depends on many factors such as the history of a word and people's adaptation to a word. Formal words are usually of French, Turkic or Arabic origin. But French, Turkic and Arabic words are also highly used in daily language. The formal Turkic words are usually the ones that were brought into usage through the language reform.

Persian loanwords are usually used in daily language or literary.

Kurdish loanwords are really few. They are usually used as slang words.

The other loanwords from Italian, Greek and other languages are used in daily language or as technical terms.

2 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/caselthor
caselthor
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O zaman tam bir genelleme yapmaya çok zor. Cevap verdiğiniz için teşekkür ederim. :D

2 years ago
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